Objective of Chinese National Rowing Team athletes before 2012 London Olympic Games, a total of four altitude training sessions, we had observed and compared both eight and three weeks altitude
training from 2010 to 2012. This study focus on these two models of high altitude training programs of elite rowing athletes in the body physiological functions and training results. With practical
research and analysis, to enrich understandings of the altitude training models, for a better theoretical understanding of rowing altitude training before the 2016 Rio Olympic Games.
The study on the 33 elite scull rowers of Chinese National Rowing Team in 3-week and 8-week altitude training. During the two different altitude training mode, comparison examination including the
athletes' hemoglobin, cell backlog, blood, urine, acid kinase; testosterone, Cortex, blood alcohol 5 elements to poor single factor analysis and matching T examination of the dynamometer test at the
level of lactic acid more Yee-Power curve, lactic acid-heart rate curves and oxygen threshold power and lactic acid threshold power altitude training effectiveness analysis before and after altitude
1. The highest value of Hb was found in the rowers of all classes in the third week during the altitude training for three weeks. Male and female open weight rowers are 16.67g/dl, 14.44g/dl,
respectively. Male and female light weight rowers are 16.67g/dl, 14.44g/dl, respectively. The highest value of Hb was found in the rowers of all classes in the 5th week or 6th week during the altitude
training for eight weeks; 2. BUN and CK in 8-week altitude training were both higher than 3-week training; 3. The testosterone and cortisol were both decrease and the ratio of them were increase.
After 8-week altitude training, the reaction of body function of rowers were fine;4. Five metal elements in blood were easy to lose during altitude training, copper, calcium and magnesium especially.
Both 3-week altitude training and 8-week altitude training would increase the maximum endurance capacity of the rowers. The performance of male and female light weight rowers after 3-week altitude
training were better than themselves after 8-week training. It was obvious increase of the maximum endurance capacity for high level rowers after 8-week altitude training, and for lower level rowers,
it was a significant increase of the maximum endurance capacity after 3-week altitude training program.