Chinese Basketball Association (CBA), the Chinese men’s professional basketball league, has been developed for 20 years since its establishment in 1995. This study reviewed the statistic data
following CBA development process, and compared these data with world class league in order to scientifically examine CBA, improve the sport and promote basketball professionalization.
Collect and process data of all teams participated in the CBA during 1995 and 2015, and data of all teams of the National Basketball Association (NBA) in 2014-2015. Based on the results, conduct
comprehensive analysis, assessment and comparison.
There has been 20 seasons of CBA league since 1995. The number of participating teams has increased from 12 to 20. Each season had more than 400 Games while initially 154 games for the first season.
Among which the number of games in regular season increase from 132 in 1995 to 380 in 2015. The number of foreign aid increased to more than 40 people from one. Three teams won 19 champion of 20
seasons since the league established. In NBA, few teams can retain the champions throughout the NBA league.
The overall average height and weight of CBA players have increased 4 cm and 5.5 kg respectively. The number of players whose height is more than 200 cm has increased to 147(account for 49% or more of
total number) from 43 (account for 27.0% of total number). Number of players whose height is more than 205 cm has increased from 17 (account for 10.7% of total players) to 92(account for nearly 31% of
total number), Number of players whose height is more than 210 cm has increased to 32(account for nearly 10.8% of total number) from 10 (account for 6.3% of total players).
The average score of CBA was about 102 points per game in past 10 years. Among them, 2-Pt Shooting, 3-Pt Shooting and free-throw shooting are about 30 of 56, 9 of 25 and 19 of 25 respectively.
Besides, there are more than 41 rebounds (the offensive rebounds about 13, defensive rebounds about 28), 3 dunks, 3 blocks, nearly 16 assists, about 10 steals ,15 turnovers and 23 fouls, etc. From the
change point of view, 2-Pt marks and attempts showed a downward trend, replaced by 3-Pt showed an upward trend. Compared with the NBA, there are too few 2-Pt shooting and too many 3-Pt shooting in
Conclusions and recommendations
The CBA has achieved remarkable success after 20 years of development since inception. But there is a big gap of strength between teams. In order to promote the game more exciting, the differences in
capacities between participating teams should be minimized.
The teams and players’ height, weight, the proportion of tall players have dramatically increased. The changes are consistent with the characteristics of the modern world basketball development.
A number of indicators such as 2-Pt marks and attempts, 3-Pt marks and attempts, dunks, blocks, assists showed an upward trend. This showed poor defensive, less threatening pass and penetration. This
reflected the “strong attacking, week defence” of CBA league and should be corrected.