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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Coach Education in National Gymnastics Federations

Abstract Theme

Sport pedagogy

Type Presentation


Abstract Authors

Presenter Daniela Bento Soares - University of Campinas (Faculty of Physical Education) - BR
Marco Antonio Coelho Bortoleto - University of Campinas (Faculty of Physical Education) - BR
Laurita Marconi Schiavon - University of Campinas (Faculty of Physical Education) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Gray - 1        Date: 1 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Daniela Soares

Abstract Resume

Background: Sports coaches’ performance requires permanent updating, enabling an adaptation to new demands from the population in general, from technical, tactical and methodological
changes inherent to the sport and from new knowledge within the sports sciences. This study is part of a PhD research about international programs of coach education in Gymnastics for All (GfA) and
their possible contributions for Brazil. In this initial phase, the official sites of National Gymnastics Federations (NGF) were analyzed, with a focus on the coach education programs’
characterization. Methods: This is a documental research, which analyzed four central points: “type of educative actions (EA): structured programs (SP) or occasional actions in
education”; “types of learning opportunities” (Mallett et al, 2009); “mandatory Physical Education (PE)/Sports undergraduate degree; “modalities regularized by FIG and other gymnastics practices”. All
NGFs affiliated to the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG) that have an official site (n=67, 48,5% of the total affiliated NGFs) were analyzed. Of these, 25 (37,3% from the sample) were analyzed
for possessing EA and attending the analysis questions. The data were systematized and analyzed with Content Analysis. Results: Among the 25 NGF researched, 18 were originally from
Europe (SP=17, EA=1) and 7 from America (SP=3), Asia (SP=2) and Oceania (SP=2). In relation to the university education degree in PE/Sport, 17 NGF do not possess an obligation that professionals have
an undergraduate degree, 7 require advanced levels of training and only 1 all levels. Considering the learning opportunity, 13 NGF offered programs of 3 types: Formal (courses and mentoring process),
Nonformal (occasional seminars and continuing education) and Informal education (discussion forums, online platform, event organization, congresses, teaching/scientific experiences and observations
from experts). The Olympic modalities (Men’s and Women’s Artistic, Rhythmic and Trampoline) are the most sought after by the whole of the internationally organized by FIG, followed by Aerobic,
Acrobatic and GfA. Among the other gymnastics practices, Gymnastics for Children, Fundamentals of Gymnastics and Team Gymnastics are the most offered courses. There are 6 Federations that offer only
modalities from FIG, 3 offer other gymnastics practices, and 16 offer both. Conclusions: In conclusion, 72% of EA are from Europe, which are allocated in older and more consolidated
NGFs and show a better administrative structure. The fact that 52% of NGFs analyzed present the three types of learning opportunities demonstrate they are in agreement with the scientific literature.
The lack of requirement of a university education degree for basic level training shows the existence of voluntary agents in this process; the demand for professionals indicates the importance of
major theoretical knowledge, added to technical ones. Finally, 76% of the NGFs researched also commit to the inclusion of other gymnastics practices, adding the modalities regulated by FIG, indicating
the gymnastics in the world is associated to other spheres, besides the competitive sports and the GfA.

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