Background:Based on the winter training practice of the Chinese Canoe Slalom team in 2014, this paper made a comparative research of the Chinese and French coaches’ winter training of
canoe slalom from three aspects: training thinking, training content and methods. A survey was conducted between the Chinese and French coaches who were hired for the national Canoe Slalom team,
analysis on the difference of their winter training was made to provide a reference for the Chinese Canoe Slalom team to develop a systematic winter training model.
Methods:Documentation method, Expert interview, Experimental Test and Mathematical Statistics.
Results:The test in the initial period of winter training in 2014 showed great gap of the competitive level between the Chinese Canoe Slalom athletes and the international excellent
players. The gap of competition result is 8 seconds, bench press and bench pull of key women Canoe athletes are10-15KG less than the international level, the gap of VO2max/kg is 5.4 ml/kg/min.
The French coach took the specialized training as the key point of the winter training, the proportion of the specialized training and physical training should be 6:4. The Chinese coaches followed
this way in the earlier stage due to learning from the European experience. Yet, Considering the actual competitive level status of the Chinese athletes in the Olympic Game in Rio, our national team
must pay more attention to the influence of the deficient physical ability on their performance, and learn from the foreign training approach critically.
On the winter training content, the Chinese coaches divides the physical training and specialized training clearly, and automatically treated the physical ability as independent section, such as
strength, speed, anaerobic and the aerobic training, ignored the physiological function. However, the French coach integrated the physical training with the specialized training and comprehended
physical ability as physiological function combined with physical fitness. He followed the biological adaptation law and the over-recovery principle to design the training plan and started the
training with aerobic exercise, then the strength and speed under the anaerobic glycolysis energy supplying system and the anaerobic phospagen energy supplying system.
On the training method, the Chinese coach tended to be monotonous, dull and the training load and action standard were not required strictly. The French coach emphasized the action criterion and
standard, controls the training load and rest time strictly, recorded the data in details and made feedback of the training performance to the athletes in time. He is good at applying the discrete
training method, complete training, competitive training, data statistics and video analysis methods to organize the training.
Conclusions:The Chinese coaches need to understand the essence of the training approach of French coach profoundly, learn the advantages of French coaches from training principles and
rules, transform their thinking that focused more on the technique and lay more emphasis on strengthening the physical ability of the national team in winter training.