The advantage of Paralympic sport requires the realization of anthropometrical and physiological tests. In this study, the results of the tests carried out in Catalonia / Spain presented are a
significant sample of federated athletes with physical and visual disabilities. The purpose of this study was to verify Body Composition (BC) and Somatotyping (S) characteristics of the participants
athletes of the nine different sport in Catalonia Federations.
The subjects of the study were 41 athletes [10 men with physical disabilities (PD) and 18 men and 13 women with visual impairment (VI)]. Anthropometric variables to evaluate the somatotype were
collected using the Heath and Carter Method. The variables collected were: anthropometric and body composition measurements (BC) [body mass (BM), height (H), Body-Mass-Index (BMI), body fat (BF), body
fat percentage (BF%), somatotype Heath and Carter (ENDO, MESO, ECTO) somatochart (X, Y), lean body mass (LBM) and lean body mass percentage (LBM%). The evaluation was done by Health and Sport Unit,
General Secretary of Sport of Catalonia, and High Performance Center of Barcelona (CAR-Sant Cugat).
The results are presented in different categories gender (M-men, W-Women) and disability (PD, VI).
M-PD n=10 Age24,1±4,98 BM63,87±8,73 ST174,76±8,11 BMI20,94±2,89 ENDO2,38±1,18 MESO3,52±1,35 ECTO3,56±1,45 X1,17±2,4 Y1,1±3,48 BF7,59±3,11 BF%11,67±3,09 LBM29,83±3,47 LBM%47,21±6,77
M-VI n=18 Age28,33±6,05 BM71,25±5,9 ST176,84±5,36 BMI22,78±1,57 ENDO2,44±1,01 MESO3,86±2,77 ECTO2,68±0,82 X0,24±1,73 Y2,6±5,37 BF8,55±2,43 BF%11,92±2,79 LBM36,57±7,52 LBM%51,25±9,03
W-VI n=13 Age21,54±3,5 BM57,12±7,19 ST165,5±5,73 BMI20,82±1,99 ENDO3,75±1,26 MESO2,7±1,35 ECTO2,95±1,1 X-0,79±2,04 Y-1,3±3,71 BF7,95±1,86 BF%13,86±2,39 LBM27,74±4,11 LBM%48,81±6,53
The study showed that the PD athletes present an average somatotype of Meso-Ectormophy, that means having a linear muscle development and low-fat, Men VI Mesomophy-balanced having a moderate muscle
development and low-fat, and the Women VI Endormophy-balanced with moderate relative adiposity and low muscle development. The LBM% and BF% studies that are presented for all athletes are similar to
other disabilities and studies with subjects without disabilities. BMI of these athletes are classified into normal (18.5-24.99), according to the scales of the WHO to general population, which
suggests that they have a good physical condition.