In July 2015, Beijing and co-host city Zhangjiakou, in surrounding Hebei Province, won the right to host the 2022 Winter Olympic Games. How Chinese athletes can deliver a remarkable performance at
home in 2022 is now a hot topic among the Chinese sports community.
By using the methods of literature research, statistical analysis and experts interview, this paper researches into the present situation of winter sports in China, and gives suggestions on China’s
preparation strategy for competing at the 2022 Winter Olympic Games.
1. China’s achievements at the Winter Olympics
Since its Winter Olympics debut in 1980, China has remoulded itself from a winter sports minnow to a competitive force.
Claiming its first-ever Winter Olympic medal (a silver) in Albertville in 1992 and its first-ever gold in Salt Lake City in 2002, China has bagged a total of 12 gold, 22 silver and 19 bronze medals in
the past 10 winter games.
2. Problems Facing China
Because of its natural conditions and the public’s exercise habits, winter sports facilities are inadequate and winter events less popular in China, leading to a relatively low competitive level in
winter events. China broke into the top ten of the Winter Olympic Games medal tally only once. Ice sports, short track speed skating in particular, have become China’s main source of golds and medals.
The 2018 Games in South Korea’s Pyeongchang features seven sports, 15 disciplines and 102 events, while China now has launched seven sports, 13 disciplines and 75 events. Compared with the sporting
powers in the medal tally, fewer winter events qualify China for the Winter Olympics and its medal haul is more narrowly distributed.
This paper gives the following Suggestions:
1. to cement its dominance in some events and try to increase the number of events it dominates
2. to develop its potentially strong events and strive for a breakthrough
3. to bring about a more balanced development of events, narrowing the gap between China and world powers in its weak events
4. to allocate more funds to winter sports and expand fund-raising channels
5. to enhance exchanges and cooperation between China and foreign countries in order to get a better understanding of the new trends in the development of winter sports around the world
6. to step up efforts to cultivate reserve talent, ensuring the sustainable development of winter sports in China
7. to build a first-class coaching staff and innovate training and management methods
8. to increase the number of winter sports venues and facilities and make them more accessible to the public, laying the foundation for the further development of winter sports.
9. to step up scientific research and service provision, and improve the scientific level of training and boost the capability of sports equipment development.