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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Case Report of an Open Educational Resource (OER) Initiative in Sport Psychology for Developing Countries

Abstract Theme

Sport psychology

Type Presentation

Oral presentation

Abstract Authors

Peter C. Terry - University of Southern Queensland (Office of Research Graduate Studies) - AU
Neil Martin - University of Southern Queensland (Sport Psychology) - AU
Presenter MARIA LUISA GUINTO-ADVIENTO,PhD - University of the Philippines (College of Human Kinetics, Department of Sport Scient) - PH

Presentation Details

Room: Venus        Date: 2 September        Time: 17:40:00        Presenter: Maria Luisa Guinto Adviento

Abstract Resume

Background: The Asian-South Pacific Association of Sport Psychology (ASPASP) exists to facilitate the development of sport psychology throughout the Asian-South Pacific region. Since
its inception in 1989, ASPASP has grown steadily and now has more than 4,500 affiliated members from 22 countries. ASPASP has embraced the OER concept to bring free, online content related to sport
psychology to large numbers of people in developing nations, who might otherwise be denied access on the grounds of cost and/or accessibility.

Methods: An open textbook entitled Secrets of Asian Sport Psychology (Terry, Zhang, Kim, Morris, & Hanrahan, 2014; see was launched in August 2014 by
the Asian-South Pacific Association of Sport Psychology. The book chronicles how several Olympic and World champions have utilized sport psychology techniques to assist their success, linking
countries in the Asian-South Pacific region to sports at which they excel, including Archery in Korea, Boxing in the Philippines, Diving in China, Judo in Japan, Rugby in New Zealand, Shooting in
India, Wrestling in Iran, and so on. Written by experienced applied practitioners working at the front line of elite sport, Secrets of Asian Sport Psychology is the world’s first textbook on sport
psychology published under a creative commons licence.  The second OER initiative developed by ASPASP came in the form of a free, online course launched in October 2015, entitled, "Elite Sports
Performance: Psychological Perspectives" (Terry & Martin, 2015; see The course introduces learners to the psychology of high performance sport, covering the topics
of motivation, anxiety, mood and emotion, self-confidence, concentration, imagery, music, and group dynamics. Those who complete the course and submit an assignment to design a mental training program
for a hypothetical elite athlete receive an ASPASP-endorsed certificate of achievement.

Results:  To date, the open textbook, " Secrets of Asian Sport Psychology" has received nearly 5,000 downloads from 103 countries. After only six months from launch date, the free
online course on Sport Psychology, has nearly 1,000 registrants from 107 countries and over 65,000 page views.

Conclusions: Secrets of Asian Sport Psychology is the world’s first textbook on sport psychology published under a creative commons licence.  The nearly 5,000 downloads across 103
countries shows the reach of the educational resource. The provision of free, open and online educational content is a relatively new phenomenon with little research conducted on how to best design
and deliver such courses. Using self-determination theory as a frame of reference, the engagement characteristics and learning experiences of those participating in free online course, "Elite Sports
Performance: Psychological Perspectives" were evaluated using measures of basic psychological needs satisfaction and engagement metrics derived from web analytics. Additionally, intention and general
causality orientation measures were taken to assess the extent to which they predicted engagement with the course.

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