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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

World Gymnaestrada: A Non-Competitive Mass Sports Festival

Abstract Theme

Governance and policy

Type Presentation

Oral presentation

Abstract Authors

Presenter MICHELE VIVIENE CARBINATTO - USP- University of São Paulo (Sports Department) - BR
MARCO ANTONIO COELHO BORTOLETO - UNICAMP- University of Campinas (----) - BR

Presentation Details

Room: Mercúrio        Date: 4 September        Time: 17:00:00        Presenter: Michele Carbinatto

Abstract Resume

Background: World Gymnaestrada is one of the largest sports festival organized each four years by the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG) in partnership with a National
Gymnastics Federation. The last edition was held in 2015 (Finland) within 53 national federations and 20.473 participants. FIG is the oldest sports federation in the world and one of the few who
include a non-competitive event on its official calendar which motivated us to present it in this paper.

Methods:A bibliographical and documentary review was done  to bring information about the history, purpose and information of WG. 

Results:  The WG was proposed in the year of 1953, influenced by Lingíada - a gymnastics festival hosted in Sweden in honor of the gymnastics master Pier Ling. Since then, the purpose
of the event is mainly to bring people together by gymnastics movements- from different levels, gender, abilities, styles, with or without apparatuses-  and embrace cultural background, as dance,
music and folk lore. The success of the event was so evident, that during 1970s, FIG authorities discussed the necessity of reinstate the philosophy of Gymnastics for All (GfA), and, in 1984, the
Gymnastics for All Committee was created to spread the idea  that gymnastics classes and training have to follow the four “F’s” principles: fundamentals (spring, locomotion, rotation, swing, balance
and support), friendship, fitness and fun to firstly improve physical, social, intellectual and psychological well-being and secondly, recognize and value the history and diversity of cultures. WG is
considered as a moment to celebrate the F´s principles in seven days of full mixed gymnastic program: opening and closing ceremony; group performances (choreographies between 10 to 15 minutes within,
at least, ten active performers); large group performance (choreographies with no less than 200 active performers with maximum 15 minutes); national performances (designed to enable FIG Member
Federations an opportunity to present the range of GfA activities in one and a half hours; FIG Gala (teams selected by FIG GfA Committee). To participate in a WG, the group should be registered by its
own federation. Brazilian delegation took part in thirteen of the fifteen editions of the WG, and at the last edition had fourteen groups and around four hundred participants. WG contributes
significantly to popularize gymnastics by using no strict enforcement of codes/rules and score. The interest is in the atmosphere of reconciliation, exchange and recognition that the world is made by
different cultures, where diversity must be guaranteed.

Conclusions: We believe that this sort of event should be stimulated in different sports federation to improve, not only the quantity of people practicing sports but motivate more
people to have an active lifestyle. In conclusion, GfA follows strengthened, attracting thousands of practitioners to be part of their gymnastics national federations, being an important tool for the
promotion of sport in the twenty-first century.

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