Background:Research has confirmed that tai chi training facilitates improving stability and balance abilities as well as muscle strength and flexibility improvements . However,
Whether the jumps, spin, and sense of balance required in ballet dancing can be reinforced through core stabilization capability, which can be strengthened through Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) training, is
On basis of the aforementioned assertions, this study aims to investigate whether TCC lessons can facilitate improving the performance of ballet dancers.
Methods:The study participants were high school dance class sophomores who had no previous experience of TCC. The participants were divided into a training group and a control group
with 8 people in each for a total of 16 participating students.
The participants’ body weight was measured after the warmup to standardize the data. The jumps and the posture balance were measured with an AMTI force platform (bp-600900, Watertown, MA, USA), and
the sampling frequency was 1000 HZ. In addition, a motion analysis system software was used to synchronously collect and calculate the participants’ pre- and post-training data. A high-speed
infrared-camera 3D optical motion capture and analysis system (Raptor-E Digital RealTime System, Motion Analysis Corporation, Santa Rosa, CA, USA) was used, the nine infrared cameras of which were
configured to exhibit a frequency of 200 HZ.
Results:Influence of TCC training on Sauté Jump Performance
The study showed that after 8 weeks of TCC training, magnitudes of improvement in the training group regarding the maximum lower extremity push-off power and air hang time were 4.63% ± 2.86% and 5.18%
± 2.65%, respectively, which differed significantly from those of the control group.
Influence of TCC Training on Passé Posture Balance Performance
For dancers who need to stand on a stage and pursue the most perfect performance, balance ability is an extremely crucial physical ability. This study showed that after TCC training, the magnitude of
improvement in the front–back COG shift distance, sideways COG shift distance, and COG shift speed of the training group during passé posture balance were −11.70% ± 10.18%, −14.53% ± 10.30% and −8.67%
± 10.96%, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of the control group.
Influence of TCC Training on Pirouette en Dehors Performance
The results showed that the pretest–posttest difference in the working leg hip joint external rotation angle of the training group (6.38% ± 4.79%) was significantly higher than that of the control
group (−1.47% ± 2.62%; P = 0.001). This might be attributable to how TCC emphasizes COG shifting.
Conclusions:The results of this study demonstrate that TCC movement training facilitate performing certain ballet movements. The results of this study can serve as a reference for
ballet training as well as for physical fitness training.