Background:Social memory embodies the main social values and becomes a proper point of view to present what social identity would be like. However, it does not deny that individual
memory is of important worth, especially when showing the characteristics of confrontation with the political power. Eagerly to be a professional tennis player, Hu Na escaped and asked for political
asylum from the U.S. government in 1982, the only way under that circumstances. The Hu Na’s accident became a political accident her collaborating with Taiwan, when Taiwan was totally against the
ideology of Communism. So her name was tagged with “a traitor”. Many years later, Hu Na went back to China, many remarks still refused to accept her and called her “a traitor”. Actually the premise of
regarding Hu Na as a traitor was just based on her excuse and prejudice instead of any objective truth. The Hu Na accident triggers the author to exploit what influence social identity of athletes’
Methods: case method, comparative method, inductive method.
Results:(1) The coexistence of harmony and confrontation revealed the relationship between Hu Na and nationwide sports system. When the requirements of Hu Na and the purpose of
national sports system could benefit each other, their relationship went harmoniously. On the contrary, when individual pursuit stood between Hu Na and nationwide sports system, they were apart
already. And the last straw was Hu Na’s escape, totally violating the interest of the nation--- the political authority and the common people. (2) The attitudes towards the Hu Na accident varied when
she came back to China. The social memory took some resources from her individual memory, adding her narrative of “cannot help but escape”. Still Hu Na stirred up a new barrage toward traitors. What
made her a traitor when ideological struggle was fading? It’s not a political issue, but a cultural question. (3) The mechanism of social identity was the key to Hu Na’s not-yet-removed label of “a
traitor”. An athlete’s behavior strategy depended on whether his/her value rationality overwhelmed the instrumental rationality. An athlete may resist. If his/her behavior consequences had any
influence on the state interests or national emotions, individual subjectivity subdued the collectivism cultural identity. Therefore, individual memory could patch up social memory somewhat, but could
not demonstrate the social identity of athletes due to the mediator.
Conclusions:The paper put forward the problem of subjectivity of athletes. Rather than a cultural problem, subjectivity is particularly involved with individual rights and
administrative boundary. The opposition between subjectivity and traditional cultural identity indicated the plight of pursuit of modernity in China’s reform. When the government gradually finds
legitimacy boundary and exact orientation, individuals will gain more political democracy and accomplish self realization with the sincere respect of traditional cultural identity.