Different types and intensities of the exercises have different influences on bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition(BC). Objective: To investigate the impact of the
basketball and rowing on BMD and BC in male athletes. Subjects: 26 male elite rowing athletes (20.33±0.92y) and 13 male elite basketball athletes (21.00±1.34y) participated in the study. They had more
than six years training history. 25 male university students (20.64±0.76y), who didn’t major in P.E, were assigned to the control group.
BMD of lumbar spine (l2-4), right proximal femur region were evaluated by dual-energy x-ray absorptionmetry (GE Lunar, USA). Adopted the body composition analyzer (Inbody3.0, Biospace) to measure the
physical fitness index，including weight，body mass index(BMI), soft lean mass(SLM), body fat mass(FM)，percentage of soft lean mass(%SLM) and fat mass (%FM), waist hip rate(WHR) etc..
（1）Significant higher BMD values in lumbar spine and total femur of rowers and basketball athletes than controls (p<0.01). We observed that higher BMD values at all evaluated sites of basketball
athletes than rowers. (2) Basketball and rowing athletes had higher values in height, weight, BMI, SLM and %SLM than in controls. Whereas， rowers had lower %FM and WHR values than basketball
athletes(p<0.01), which were both lower than in controls(p<0.01).
Chronic participation in basketball and rowing enhance BMD in lumbar spine and proximal femur region. BMD values in the proximal femur region of basketball athletes were significant higher than rowing
athletes, but slight difference in lumbar spine. It may possibly be explained by basketball requires a combination of fast movements, body impact and jump. Thus high-impact sports have higher BMD and
BMI values in male.