Background:Economic development and improvement of pupils’ physical health condition are not always positively correlated. In China, with the rapid economic development, the physical
health condition of pupils in some highly developed cities is getting worse. On the contrary, in some less developed regions, the situation is more optimistic.Based on the evidence, this paper is
trying to utilize the detailed survey data to reveal the relation between the level of China's regional economic development and the pupils’ physical health condition.
Methods:In this paper, field survey, data analysis and comparative analysis are mainly used to select 514 (boys n= 195, girls n= 319) pupils from the underdeveloped areas of the
central Hainan Province, and take three aspects of tests in their body shape, physical function, physical quality, and then compare the test results with the national level (boys n = 6445022, girls n
= 5763884) in order to identify the differences between them.
Results:For the pupils in Hainan Province, in body shape, the level of weight for height of them was significantly lower than the national average, especially in the high rates of
malnutrition and lower body weight rate; In physical function, the level of vital capacity and step test results are remarkably higher than the national average; In physical quality, crook before the
seat body, standing long jump and 50 meter race were obviously higher than the national level.
Conclusions:The relatively backward economic development and the relatively low material standard of living are invisible to provide more opportunities for the pupils in Hainan
Province to do physical activities. However, in the developed regions, the pupils own more means of entertainment that is taking the place of physical activities, which is an important reason of worse
physical health condition of the students nowadays. Therefore, economic development and improvement of pupils’ physical health condition are not always positively correlated.