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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Physical Activities and Health Promotion with Schoolchildren: Experience Report

Abstract Theme

Physical activity and health

Type Presentation

Poster

Abstract Authors

Presenter Cristiane de Souza Moraes Donegá - Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (Social Medicine Department) - BR
Ailton de Souza Aragão - Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (Social Medicine Department) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Yellow - 35        Date: 2 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Cristiane Donegá

Abstract Resume

Background: The school has been shown a privileged place to conduct health promotion activities, because the children remain there for long periods, alternating among one or two
periods. The creation of the School Health Program evidenced the importance of this partnership, when allowed the children perform actions in the field of health. Physical activities are some of these
promotion health activities, because it promotes welfare and pleasure, younder to prevent and control various diseases such as obesity and diabetes mellitus, whose relationship with the lifestyle has
affected more and more children. Allied to this premise, the sports pratice promotes reflective debate on the social determinants of health and social vulnerabilities associated with them, considered
a direct interference in the process health-disease. The aim of this paper has focused on promoting the health of school children through recreational and sport activities aligned to the
biopsychosocial model of health care.

Methods: The actions are part of the Education-Extension interface of Health and Society discipline of Occupational Therapy and Physical Education courses, Federal University of
Triângulo Mineiro. The actions were conducted with children aged 8 to 10 years in municipal schools. Activities were accomplished twice a week. In total there were eight meetings, with the
participation of 60 children and 50 academics. Guided by the concept of health promotion, we adopt participatory methodologies, which are distinguished by the engagement of children in the proposition
of activities, and the preparation of the activities was made by the academic students. The selected sport activities, were football, volleyball and dodgeball. And yet the adoption of a field book to
register the impressions obtained from the school routine by the academic students.

Results: In the proposal stage, academic students identified vulnerabilities, such as the absence of parents, in addition to unemployment of or both; precarious housing and inadequate
alimentation. Manifestations of violence were observed in the children’s daily life, such as psychological, social and physical. The contact with drugs was not evidenced. The leisure time of children
is concentrated on television programs, and sociability of children is restricted to the space of the neighborhood. In the stage of sport activities development, the children presented exacerbated
aggressiveness, use of profanity and individualism.

Conclusions: The promotion of the health of schoolchildren shown to be complex on allowing the emersion of issues that affect the health of children, which indicates the necessity for
activities that stimulate the biopsychosocial look. The sports practice should be encouraged at school as a relational development opportunity, with a view that is a health promotion component. The
meetings helped the students to find out the social vulnerability to which the children are subject, and multiprofessional possibilities of intervention at school, referring to the contents studied in
the discipline.

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