Introduction: Metabolic syndrome is the combination of three risks: abdominal obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia, which predispose the individual to
cardiovascular risks (AL-EISA et al, 2016). It is related to behavioral factors such as physical activity, tobacco and alcohol associated with anatomical and functional changes resulting from the
aging contribute to accentuation of this syndrome (DE ROOIJ et al, 2016).
Objective: To identify the prevalence of MS associated with behavioral factors in a population sample from the city of Jacarezinho-PR.
Methods: We collected information regarding the practice of physical activity, use of tobacco and alcohol, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, plasma lipid measurements and
blood glucose, from a descriptive survey of cross-section of 37 males with a mean age and deviation standard of 65.3 ± 2.3, seeking the services of the municipal clinical laboratory Jacarezinho-PR.
All agreed to participate in the study and signed a consent form. Statistical analysis was done using computerized package Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17.0.
Results: Of all patients, 73% had changed three risk factors, and glucose (89.5%) the most prevalent, followed by a decrease in HDL-C (83.3%). The most prevalent behavioral factor
among syndromic individuals were smoking (73.3%), alcohol consumption (55.9%) and lack of physical activity (52.0%) respectively. Conclusion: It can be seen that the metabolic
syndrome was present in more than half the sample (73%), and the most prevalent risk factors were to glucose changes and decreased HDL-C. Smoking was the most prevalent behavioral factor in syndromic
individuals, reinforcing the importance of preventive approaches and healthy lifestyle habits.
Key words: Metabolic syndrome, Risk factors, Behavioral factors.