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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Anxiety and Self-Confidence in College Athletes Simulating Disabilities in Competitive Situations in Adapted Sports: a Case Report

Abstract Theme

Sport psychology

Type Presentation

Poster

Abstract Authors

Presenter RUBENS VENDITTI JUNIOR - SÃO PAULO STATE UNIVERSITY JULIO DE MESQUITA FILHO- UNESP CAMPUS BAURU (Sciences Faculty, Physical Education Department) - BR
GABRIEL MARTINS - SÃO PAULO STATE UNIVERSITY JULIO DE MESQUITA FILHO- UNESP CAMPUS BAURU (Sciences Faculty, Department of Physical Education) - BR
JOSÉ VINÍCIUS BONFIM - SÃO PAULO STATE UNIVERSITY JULIO DE MESQUITA FILHO- UNESP CAMPUS BAURU (Sciences Faculty, Physical Education Department) - BR
Presenter JAMILE CRISTINE CARVALHO - SÃO PAULO STATE UNIVERSITY JULIO DE MESQUITA FILHO- UNESP CAMPUS BAURU (Sciences Faculty, Department of Physical Education) - BR
Presenter MATHEUS BELIZÁRIO BRITO - SÃO PAULO STATE UNIVERSITY JULIO DE MESQUITA FILHO- UNESP CAMPUS BAURU (Sciences Faculty, Physical Education Department) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Pink - 15        Date: 1 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Rubens Venditti Junior

Abstract Resume

Background: Sport Psychology is a new area in Adapted Sports (AS) with relevant importance in training athletes because the psychological preparation to competitions provides
possibilities of overcoming the restrictions imposed by disabilities. Two of the psychological studies objects are anxiety and self-confidence. Anxiety is a personal emotional doubt and fear about
ability to cope with stress situation. Self-confidence is a personal belief that people can perform successfully in a particular task. To understand how this relationship affects the handicapped
athlete's behavior and performance in sports situations becomes really relevant.

Methods:This study was developed in discipline “Advanced Seminars of Research in Adapted Sports Pedagogy (ASP)” and its aim was to investigate the relationship between these
constructs in college athletes in an experimental simulated situation of AS. Study participants were 15 young adults (6 women and 9 men), between 18 and 27 years (20 ± 2.16 years). All participants
are college athletes from Unesp of Bauru, São Paulo State, in Brazil. For data collection, there was a simulation of a competitive situation where subjects had played Goalball (Paralympic Sport). To
measure trait-anxiety was used Sport Competition Anxiety Test (SCAT) and for state-anxiety was used Inventory Competitive Anxiety State (CSAI-II). The first test has a scale Likert of 3 points with
score between 10 to 30; while the second test has a scale of 4 points with score between 9 to 36 points.

Results: Participants were classified into five groups according to their scores for each test: low (L); medial low (ML); medial (M); medial high (MH); High (H) averages; the total
goal each test was divided in five groups; this way we had obtained the classification for both tests. Most of the participants (11), either to presented cognitive and somatic anxiety as well for
trait anxiety, had shown their scores classified with L and ML average; the last 4 individuals presented M average. Therefore, to self-confidence construct, the subjects were classified as M average
(8) and as MH and H average (7). The results indicated that most of the participants had low anxiety and high self-confidence, even in a Paralympic sport never experienced for them. This may have been
caused by many experiences of these participants in sporting situations in other sports.

Conclusions: We had concluded that the higher self-confidence of the college athlete, the lower is his anxiety, causing an adequate motor and psychological performance during
competitive situations, even that in a simulated experience as this way of analysis. We´d like to observe that this experiment was very important for the discussions in this discipline and can be
developed for more extended reflections about Adapted Sports Pedagogy and Teaching in ASP. The students at this study also related about the mechanisms of emotional control and their influence at
sportive performance. Adaptations and learning strategies are highlighted at their reports, bringing the discussion about acting, teaching and motivational aspects when we are working with Sports
Initiation and Handicapped People.

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