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Preparation of a World Class Para-Sprinter towards World Championship: Reflective Practise
Presenter Ivy Wai Teng Loke - NATIONAL SPORTS INSTITUTE OF MALAYSIA (SPORTS NUTRITION) - MY
Lee Jin Wei - NATIONAL SPORTS INSTITUTE OF MALAYSIA (STRENGTH & CONDITIONING) - MY
Nor Syazana Binti Bistamam - NATIONAL SPORTS INSTITUTE OF MALAYSIA (SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY) - MY
Poster Exhibition Site (Local): White - 26 Date: 2 September Time: 8am to 7pm Presenter: Ivy Loke
Background: This study was designed to describe training interventions and sports science services preparation of a world class Para-sprinter in preparation for world championship who improved 0.48 sec throughout the preparation period from 2014 to 2015. Methods: The athlete is a 100m male sprinter with cerebral palsy and was 27 years old at the commencement of the study. Monitoring was done periodically within 2 years period on preparation towards world championship. He was on consistent full time training up to 9-12 sessions/week where each session ranged from 1-4 hours. The athlete has excellent aerobic capacity where predicted VO2 max was at 48ml/kg/min. Throughout the monitoring period, body composition improved from increased of lean body mass 2.8kg while body fat percentage was maintained around 6.7%. Besides, 1RM squat relative strength improved from 1.41 to 1.49 although no significant changes observed in bench press result. Periodic energy expenditure assessment found that energy expenditure during training ranges from 500kcal to 1000kcal/session. Nutritional assessment showed energy and carbohydrate intake improved from achieving 60% at initial of study to completely achieve dietary requirement. Hydration status monitoring was done from time to time to ensure the athlete performance is not affected by dehydration. Results: A difference of 0.48 sec differentiate between podium or non-podium athletes in world championship. Sports science services are training interventions monitoring tool on the athlete performance. An improvement of lean body mass together with relative strength was a prominent changes that possibly explained the improved performance as many previous studies suggested on the positive relationship between maximal squat strength and sprint times. Adequate nutrition intake enhanced the training adaptation through changes in body composition and nutrition recovery. Variability of weather at training venue caused big sweat rate ranged from 0.8 to 1.0L/hr. Hence hydration monitoring was done for immediate feedback on individualized hydration strategy and awareness education purpose to minimized performance limiting factor. The extensive training program was responsible for these changes and monitoring of adaptation leads to peak physical condition towards world championship. It is difficult to appreciate the extent to which this work had an impact on sprinting performance given the running techniques of a sprinter and psychological area is not investigated which requires future attention. Conclusions: The extensive training program was responsible for these changes and monitoring of adaptation leads to peak physical condition towards world championship. It is difficult to appreciate the extent to which this work had an impact on sprinting performance given the running techniques of a sprinter and psychological area is not investigated which requires future attention.