It is well known that balance ability decrease with increasing age and known that some type of exercise can improve balance ability. Rowing exercise is the effective mode for older fitness because it
is the low impact exercise that used the major muscle and used balance during slide the seat. Therefore, the effects of rowing ergometer exercise program on balance among the elderly were studied.
Forty healthy elderly persons, ranging in ages from 60-80 years old participated in this study. The Subjects who participated in this study were randomly selected and equally divide into two groups
(experimental group (n=20) and a control group (n=20)). The experimental group participated in 12-weeks rowing ergometer exercise program comprising 20 minute sessions with 60 percent of maximum heart
rate 3 times a week, while the control group maintained their usual physical activities during the study period. Balance were measured prior to and after the 6th and 12th weeks of training.
The results revealed that 1. Mean scores of balance between control group and experiment group were statically different after the 6th and 12th weeks of training. However, there were not different
before training. 2. Mean scores of balance before training of both groups were not different. However, after the 12th weeks of training the mean scores of experiment group were significantly greater
than before training and the 6th weeks of training. There were not different in the control group. The results indicate that the rowing ergometer exercise program enhanced balance of the elderly
The rowing ergometer exercise should be implemented for health promotion and improved physical health among the elderly. However, modification of the duration and resistance in rowing ergometer should
be considered to suit the elderly.