Background: Together with ageing there is an increase in blood pressure levels, thus physical activity is one of the most recommended non-pharmacological treatment. Water gymnastics
is a exercise that involves numerous advantages, one of those, is the comfort proportioned by water temperature. Objective: The objective of the present work was to evaluate the
effects of water gymnastics program in blood pressure, physical fitness, quality of sleep and the likelihood of having sleep apnea (SA) of hypertensive adults. Methods: We evaluated
21 sedentary hypertensive subjects of both sexes. The water gymnastics was conducted over 13 weeks, 3x/week, 50min/day. Resting blood pressure, height, body weight, waist and hip circumferences,
functional capabilities, as well as sleep quality and likely to have sleep apnea were evaluated. Results: There was a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure and a significant
increase in strength, muscular and aerobic endurance, coordination, agility, dynamic balance and flexibility. In addition, it identified the reduction the likelihood of sleep apnea, but there was a
deterioration in quality of sleep. Conclusion: water gymnastics was effective in reducing systolic blood pressure, in improving of functional capacity variables, and in reducing
probability of sleep apnea in hypertensive subjects, but promoted worsening of the quality of sleep.