Background: Lower limbs injuries are common in basketball athletes, especially in the ankle joint. Single stance instability is a risk factor for lower extremity injuries. Therefore,
the development of the proprioception and balance may play an important role in injury prevention. For example, diminished postural stability is a risk factor for ankle sprain occurrence and ankle
sprains result in impaired postural stability. The sensorimotor training has been used to improve the balance and sports-related skills as well as for prevention and rehabilitation of lower limbs
sport injuries as ankle sprain. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of 12-week sensorimotor training program on static balance and single hop test performance of young
Methods: Fifteen players (15.5±0.8 years) from one team into seventeen years old basketball category participated in the study. Participants were tested for static balance and single
hop test at the beginning and at the end of 12-week sensorimotor training program. The static balance was performed in single leg stance (both right and left) positions with eyes closed. The
participant was instructed to sustain the stable position for as time as possible and the time of static balance was registered. The single hop test was performed with the participant on the leg to
be tested, hopped, and landed on the same limb. The distance hopped, measured at the level of the great toe, was measured and recorded to the nearest centimeter from a standard tape measure that was
permanently affixed to the floor. The participants underwent the sensorimotor training program lasting for twelve weeks. The program was administered in sessions lasting 30 minutes. The training
program was developed into multi-station proprioceptive and balance exercises, consisted of one-leg and double-leg static and dynamic balance drills, with eyes open and closed. The demands and
duration of those exercises increased progressively.
Results: The results showed that basketball players who participated in 12-week sensorimotor training program exhibited a signiﬁcantly improvement on static balance (p<0.05) and
single hop test performance (p<0.05).
Conclusions: In conclusion, the sensorimotor training program was effective for improving static balance and single hop test performance, which is a basketball-speciﬁc action. It is
possible recommend sensorimotor training program to enhance static balance and hop performance to reduce possible future injuries in the lower extremity.