Background: The obesity is a chronic disease, considered a public health problem worldwide for develop many other disorders. The Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is related to the weight
excess, central adiposity, and resistance to insulin action. It is a complex problem constituted by the abdominal obesity linked to at least two of these following risk factors: high blood pressure,
low level of HDL cholesterol, high triglycerides concentration, and the diagnosis of insulin resistance. Is known the weight loss can reduce significantly the prevalence of MS, enhancing the
individual’s quality of life, which shows the huge importance of an obesity treatment. The study’s goal was to verify the influence of the cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) over the risk factors for
MS in freshmen adolescents in a Multidisciplinary Program of Obesity Treatment (MPOT).
Methods: The study has a descriptive design with a cross-sectional cohort. The sample is composed of 140 adolescents, aged from 14 to 18 years old, freshmen in a MPOT between 2014 and
2015, in which were analyzed the BMI, VO2max and the risk factors for MS (waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, glycemia, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides). Was
used the cut off points from The International Diabetes Federation consensus definition of the metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents for the MS risk factors classification. Was performed
descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential (Test T Student and Mann Whitney U Test) to data observation.
Results: Was found meaningful difference between male and female sex for the waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP), glycemia, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and the
risk factors for MS. Except the HDL cholesterol, the male sex adolescents presented higher values in all the other study’s variables if compared to the female sex adolescents. Was observed that the
VO2max was higher in the male sex adolescents, without any alteration of the risk factors for the MS in 12 of the 14 analysis, although the study has found meaningful differences only for WC, SBP, and
MS of these adolescents.
Conclusion: The results allowed the comprehension that the cardiorespiratory fitness has a higher influence over the risk factors for MS of male adolescents with weight excess;
however, is observed in both sexes the trend to a higher risk factors alteration for MS in individuals with a lower VO2max. This can suggest the need of a enhancement of the VO2max in the obesity
treatment programs and in adolescents with weight excess in general as a way to reduce the risk of MS development.