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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Competition in Rhythmic Gymnastics: the Subjective Judgment as Specify Stress Factor

Abstract Theme

Sport psychology

Type Presentation

Poster

Abstract Authors

Presenter Monique Marques Longo - University of State of Rio de Janeiro (Physical Education Departament) - BR
Karine Ferreira Jorge Aragão - University of State of Rio de Janeiro (Physical Education Departament) - BR
Jessica Costa da Cunha Mello - University of State of Rio de Janeiro (Physical Education Department) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Gray - 3        Date: 4 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Monique Longo

Abstract Resume

Background:
The subjetive judgment typical of rhythmic gymnastics (RG) competitions as a source of stress is the subject discussed in this paper. We also aim to present the influences of pre-stress and
competitive in high performance athletes training in rhythmic gymnastics and identify the individual and situational factors that cause such behavior typically in this sport. I
The RG is a sport where the evaluation is subjective. The personal conception of perfect moviment bases final result and assigns a score. This factor produces some specific influences in stress before
and at the moment of competition. (Fonseca, 2011; Nakashima, 2008).

Methods:
The methodology adopted had as typology an argumentative dissertation, what means, a bibliographic study, describing the documental analysis. De Rose Junior, Nakashima, Cevada and Fonseca were the
theoretical background of this work.

Results:
The research show: (1) Rhythmic gymnastics (RG) is female sport, characterized by the grace, beauty, specific body language and main physical flexibility valence. These factors influence of different
type the stress production before and at the moment of competition. (Fonseca, 2011; Nakashima, 2008); (2) the RG high performance requires a high technical rigor of biomecanical movement that is
juldges normally by some person that have personal ideas about the perfect moviment. This subjetive judgement foster high level of anciety in competitors; (3) the use of five specific equipment (rope,
ball, hoop, ribbon and clubs) foster the insecurity in athtetes because, in some way, these equipment is out of control of gymnast.; (4) normally, competitive gymnasts are 15 and 20 years. They don’t
have emocional and cognitive development finished. So they have to be suport by some phycological professional more intensive than one adult gymnast; (5) the individual factors that influence the
production of stress are the physical state, technical conditions, experiences, aspirations, and your level of expectation. The situational factors are kind of competitive, as the site and the
material of the games, the preparation, the training, arbitration, cheerleading etc.  Both factors could be softened by Knowledge of the gymnast identity and phycological work.

Conclusions:
Our research showed some specific factors of Rhythmic Gymnastic that produces high level of stress in gymnasts. The main focus was the subjective judgment of  the moviment and score, that is
characteristic of this sport. It is necessary that athletes, coach and psychologists have knowledge of such factors to operate the best way to deal with the variables while maintaining a satisfactory
level of performance, and can so individual and collective goals be achieved.

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