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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Habits of Listening to Music in Introverted and Extraverted Swimmers

Abstract Theme

Sport psychology

Type Presentation


Abstract Authors

Presenter Laura Tosini de Andrade Borges - University of São Paulo (School of Arts, Science and Humanities) - BR
Cassio Meira Junior - University of São Paulo (School of Arts, Science and Humanities) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Pink - 3        Date: 2 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Laura Borges

Abstract Resume

Background: The individual characteristics of one person can be indicated by the personality traits and it can be related with the difference in the bio-physiological functioning of
the central nervous system. Extroverts have a low cortical activation level and they need to increase their activation in order to feel comfortable, whereas introverts already have high levels of
cortical activation and need to reduce it. Furthermore, some studies already showed that this activation is influenced by external factors and the music may be able to do it. Thus, this study aimed to
relate the influence of music with the personality of swimming athletes in pre-competition period

Methods: In order to check the swimmer's personality, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and a music questionnaire were applied to 23 young and adult swimmers of both sex, in
Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Results: According to the results of EPQ, the athletes were divided in two groups: introverts (mean score 9,21) and extroverts (15,66). The group of introverts (60,87%) had a mean age
of 18,64 years and standard deviation of 3,10, while the extroverts, had an average of 16,22 years and standard deviation of 1,30. In total, 78,26% of the participants reported they listen to music on
the day of competition. The most cited musical styles were rock (26.09%) and electronics (26.09%). There are significant differences in the extrovert group, in the fact of listening to music on the
day of competition
[ X² (1) = 5.44 ; p= 0.019 ].

Conclusions: The group of extroverts prefers to listen music before swim, although not all introverts embraced it. In general, in the day the swimmers will compete, they listen to
music, specially rock and electronic due to the high frequency of these musical genres.

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