The Aquatic Environment Permits Different Kinds of Physical Activities, Among the Modalities in the Water, Swimming is the Most Widely Practiced Around the World and Highly Recommended for All Age
Groups (Andrews, 2000).
According to the Ministry of Health and Education (1986) Childhood and Adolescence are Important Periods in Which the Organism is Sensitive to Biological Changes.
Children and Adolescents Suffer Positive and Negative Environmental Influences and Are Constantly Subjected to Bad Eating and Behavioral Habits in the Long Term Could Compromise Your Health.
In Adolescence Occur Several Changes in the Body Structure of the Individual. Size, Shape, Circumference, Body Composition and Fat Percentage Are Some of the Variations. (Barbieri Et Al, 2007).
It Is Well Documented that Physical Exercise Are Crucial to Promote Health and Weight Control (Tolfrey; Campbell; Jones, 2004).
Opposite Inactivity, There Is A Precocious Specialization Process in Which the Prepubescent Child Is Subjected to Long Training Periods in a Specific Modality Aiming High Performance. (Kunz, 1994)
This Work Seeks to Understand if This Training Is Hampering the Development of These Children and Adolescents.
The Aim of This Study Is to Monitor the Development of Anthropometric Variables, Body Composition of Children and Adolescents Practicing Competitive Swimming.
We Were Made 3 Evaluations Carried Out in August, November 2015 and February 2016 in Children Aged 7 to 12 Years Training 4-6 Times a Week Competitive Swimming at the University Santa Cecilia. And
Also Will Be Realized Two More in the Months of June and August.
Individuals Are Being Weighed on a Digital Scale Filizola Precisely 0.1kg
Stature Is Being Evaluated With a Portable Stadiometer Sanny.
Trunk-Cephalic Height, Length and Width of the Feet and Hands Are Being Evaluated According to the German Guideline DIN 33402 (1981)
The Wingspan of Superior Limbs Is Being Made From the Distance From the Tip Right Middle Finger to the Tip of the Left Middle Finger .
To Circumference of Arm, Wrist, Chest, Waist, Hip, Thigh And Ankle Was Used a Metal Tape Cescorf With Precision 0,1 Cm.
For Body Fat, Was Estimated Using the 4 Skinfolds Protocol Proposed by Deurenbergh et al (1989) Specific to Children and Adolescents.
August 2015 December 2015 February 2016
Nº 57 64 54
Age (years) 10,05±1,01 10,48±1,1 9,93±1,4
Height (Cm) 148±0,09 148±0,09 145,36±11,13
Weight(Kg) 39,66±7,89 40,35±8,33 38,57±9,38
BMI(Kg/M2) 17,95±2,37 18,14±2,31 18,01±2,61
Wingspan(Cm) 150±0,09 151,16±10,61 148,1±13,23
%Fat 23,39± 6,70 23,93±7,69 21,56±8,71
We Conclude that This Training Does Not Influence the Anthropometric Variables of the Population and There are Indications that These Individuals are Already Being Naturally Selected for the Sport.