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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Improving Global Force in Patients With Parkinson's Disease Through Physical Exercise

Abstract Theme

Physical activity and health

Type Presentation


Abstract Authors

Presenter David Johnny Silva Aragão - Universidade Estadual Vale do Acaraú (Centro de Ciências da Saúde) - BR
João Paulo Carneiro Marques - Universidade Estadual Vale do Acaraú (Centro de Ciências da Saúde) - BR
Ana Patricia Guimarães Rodrigues - Universidade Estadual Vale do Acaraú (Centro de Ciências da Saúde) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Yellow - 21        Date: 2 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: David Johnny Aragão

Abstract Resume

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease that causes motor damage such as tremors, muscle rigidity, bradykinesia and postural instability. With the
progression of symptoms and complications of the disease, patients may have their functionality and mobility affected which leads to isolation or lack of participation in social life, resulting in
poor quality of life. The decrease of the muscle strength in the upper and lower limbs can adversely affect the performance of the patients in performing daily activities, such as walking speed,
abilities to climb stairs, dress and eat. Thus, it was chosen for this study the test of assessment of the overall strength, which evaluates the full force of the evaluated patients. The aim of this
study is to assess the overall strength levels of individuals with PD.

Methods: This is a descriptive exploratory study, in which the method was cut lengthwise with a quantitative approach. Patients were served weekly (2 sessions) over a period of 1 year
and evaluated every 3 months. The evaluation of the comprehensive strength is the choice of some exercises that the evaluated patient usually performs in a weight room. Then, the evaluator determines
that the exercises are carried out within a range of 8 to 12 RM (Repetition Maximum). The results were analyzed by using the statistical software SPSS version 20. We used the t test in pairs for
statistical analysis. This research was approved by the Ethics Committee of UVA, number: 51679115.3.0000.5053.

Results: It is noticeable the increase in overall strength through performed exercises in which the chosen ones were: 1 - bench press; 2 - barbell curls; 3 - Leg 45; 4 - Plantar
flexion, and the selection criterion of these exercises were the largest range of muscle groups in both members. Therefore, for the patient 1 there were significant increases of 38% (± 2) in the
exercise of barbell curls; 27% (± 1.5) in the bench press exercise; 40% (± 2) in the leg press exercise and 25% (± 1.8) in the exercise of plantar flexion. The results of the patient 2 proved highly
significant 30% (± 2) in the exercise of barbell curls; 25% (± 2) in the bench press exercise; 34% (± 1) in the leg press exercise and 20% (± 2) in the exercise of plantar flexion. The level of
significance was (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Thus it is clear that the assessment of muscle strength can be a major factor in assessing the functional status of the individual and the test showed good applicability
and served as a parameter for exercise prescription. Moreover, the evolution of the participants showed that exercise interferes directly in increasing tone and muscle strength, contributing to a
better perform activities of daily life, as well as reduction of tremors, muscle stiffness, increased gait amplitude and decreased bradykinesia, promoting a better quality of life for this population.

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