The URUMI - a long sword made of flexible steel, sharp enough to cut into flesh while wielding, also known as ‘chuttuval’ (coild sword)-being practised in Klaripayatta, Kerela, South India. Its
blade(s) are typically razor-sharp and bad news for any one standing in the vicinity of the person wielding.
The effects of Urumi exercise were investigated on the cardio-vascular fitness and body composition of 46 women aged 20-25 who used to come for practice regularly in Shree H V P Mandal. The
experimental group was made up 26 female subjects, and the control group numbered 20 subjects. The experimental programme of the Urumi exercise lasted for a period of 12 weeks, with sixty minute
training sessions three times a week. The Urumi exercise part of each workout lasted for 40 min. and involved high, low and moderate impact segments. The cardio-vascular fitness was evaluated by means
of the following parameters: resting heart rate, heart rate under strain, systolic arterial blood pressure (mmHg), diastolic arterial blood pressure (mmHg), the absolute value of maximal oxygen uptake
(lit/min) and the relative value of maximal O2 uptake (ml/kg/min). Body measurement was evaluated by means of the following measurements: body height (cm), body weight (kg), average thorax volume
(cm), girth (cm), back skinfold (mm), abdominal skinfold (mm). The basic descriptive statistics co-efficient were calculated for all the data for initial and final measuring, along with the student
t-test and multivariate and univariate covariance analysis (MANCOVA and ANCOVA).
There is a statistically significant difference in the variables for cardio-vascular fitness and body composition between the initial and final measuring in the experimental groups and between the
experimental and control groups at the final measuring.
This study confirmed significant positive influence of the Urumi exercise trainings on the changes in the cardio-vascular endurance and body composition parameters in young adults women.