Background:The growing number of elderly people in Brazil is today a fact present. Among the psychiatric disorders in the elderly depression is the most common. However, actions
relating to social activities which can facilitate and promote the formation of groups of elderly, stimulating an associative life and healthy with the achievement of recreational activities, physical
and cultural, seem to be able to not only contribute to the maintenance of the functional capacity but also improve the framework of depression in this population. Aim: This study had as objective to
identify the level of depression in elderly women participants and non-participants of gerontoativação, answered on the basic unit of Health (BUH) of Bom Retiro in the municipality of Santos-SP.
Methods:participates of activity of the elderly 24 ( average age of 74,33 ± 5,82 years) divided into 2 groups: Gerontoativação (GG=12) performing 1 hour of activities using techniques
from Senior dance to the sounds of music of various styles, where the elderly are sitting in chairs placed in circle performing movements of head, hands, arms, trunk, hip, foot, legs and use
accessories like plastic balls, wooden bats, pieces of foam, plastic bottles styrofoam flakes or colors tissues and Control (GC= 12) without activity, both with medical general practitioner in BUH of
Bom Retiro. At the beginning and at the end of a period of 30 months have been evaluated body mass measurements (MC), height (Est), body mass index (BMI), blood glucose (Gli), blood pressure Sistólica
(SBP) and diastolic (DBP), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D) and number of medications used (MU). Data were statistically analyzed by comparing the initial and final values by student t test for
stationary data. These are presented as mean ± standard deviation. The significance level was set at α = 0,05
Results:: The results showed that there were no significant changes in variables after the follow-up period in both groups, except for HAM-D, which decreased (8.52 ± 2.31 to 2.67 ±
2.02 points) significantly ( p ≤ 0.0001) in the GG, and DBP has increased (80.00 ± 7.39 to 85.83 ± 9.00) significantly (P≤0,03) in GC. The data will HAM-D refer to a change in the classification and
in the beginning there was depression considered Take in both groups and at the end, only the GG began to show normal condition.
Conclusions:: The results of this study allow us to suggest that the intervention carried out by gerontoativação, was effective in reducing depressive condition of this population
after a period of long-term.