Physical activity and health
Presenter Alka Karanwal - Late Shri Madangopalji Mundada Kala & Vanijya Mahavidyalaya, Chandur Rly., Dist. Amravati (Maharashtra) (Physical Education) - IN
Kamalakanti Debnath - Degree College of Physical Education, HVPM, Amravati (Physical Education) - IN
Dysmenorrhoea is experienced as pain or cramp in the lower abdomen before or during menstruation. Prevalence of dysmenorrhoea among girls varies from place to place. Aim of the present survey study
was to assess the prevalence of dysmenorrhoea among girls studying in sub – junior, junior and senior level in college of Amravati District.
In the present study total 183 girls (Median age 14 year) were selected randomly after their informed consent. Out them 73 were physically active and 110 were physically inactive girls. Physically
active girls were the regular participants of physical education training program and participating at least inter collegiate/school competitions. But the physically inactive girls they seldom
participate in the physical activity program. Questionnaire - Specially designed for girls students based on symptoms of Dysmenorrhea was applied to gather the data. Descriptive, percentage, and
comparative (ANOVA) analysis was applied to analyze the data.
Results of the percentage distribution showed that the prevalence of dysmenorrhoea was higher in physically inactive girls as function of moderate and severe pain. Comparative analysis (ANOVA) showed
statistically significant (p < 0.05) difference in dysmenorrhoea among the girls, the physically inactive girls significantly experienced higher level of pain as compare to that of physically active
In conclusion, regular participation in moderate to vigorous physical activity may reduce the symptoms of dysmenorrhoea in girls.