Background:To study the relationship between personality and emotion, it is considered that personality trait is one of the key factors that affect the individual emotion. Fencing
athletes not only have good physical and technical level, psychological state, especially the level of anxiety before the competition has a direct impact on the result of the competition. This paper
will explore before The National Games, two international master sportsmen named Lei and Ma personality traits and pre-competition emotion characteristics.
Methods:Used the Big Five Personality table to research personality trait (Costa and MeCrae, 1992), analysis five aspects (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and
conscientiousness) of athlete's personality traits. Used pre-competition emotion table (Zhang, 2004), analysis four aspects (anxiety of individual failure, self-confidence, social expectation anxiety
and somatic anxiety) of athlete’s emotion traits before The National Games.
Results:1 In the personality trait questionnaire, Lei’s conscientiousness score was the highest, followed by agreeableness. The lowest score is neuroticism. The results indicate Lei
is very responsible, self-discipline, humble and easy to trust others. Ma’s conscientiousness score was the highest, followed by neuroticism. The lowest score is openness. The results indicate that Ma
is very responsible and self-discipline. But he is tended to impulsive, sensitive and anxious. 2 In the pre-competition emotion questionnaire, Lei’s anxiety of individual failure score is the highest,
followed by self-confidence, somatic anxiety is the lowest. Ma’s anxiety of individual failure score is the highest, followed by the self-confidence, the social expectations of anxiety is the lowest.
High individual failure anxiety shows that the two elite athletes both worried about the results of the competition and afraid of lose. Athletes' confidence is accumulated through long-term systematic
training and multiple experiences. High level of self-confidence is conducive to the competition, but high level of individual failure anxiety is not conducive to the competition. In recent years, Lei
won the gold medal in 2012 Olympic Games and Ma won gold medal in the Fencing World Championships. But in the following National games just after our questionnaire test, both of them fail in the
individual foil competition. Ma did not enter the top 8, Lei did not achieve the expected gold medal. Unsatisfactory results may be related to the higher degree of anxiety of individual failure before
The National Games.
Conclusions:Previous studies indicated that, middle level athletes are tended to more serious in anxiety of individual failure, but in our study, individual failure anxiety also exist
in the high level and confident athletes. Individual failure anxiety is a sensitive index of pre-competition emotion state in high level fencing athletes.