Background: Sporting talents are athletes who stand out for their performance. Those whose results are far beyond the average of the most high-performance athletes. They are "out of
range". But in the context of sports science which is a sports talent? Although small nuances, there is consensus. The term is generally used to denote something rare and valuable in the sports field.
Methods: This study is a systematic review of literature on sports talent. Comes to designing state of the art and propose new syntheses and suggestions as it relates: (1) the
definitions of sporting talent and; (2) the intervention models. Results: As a starting point, we recognize that although people have the opportunity to practice some sport in their
leisure time, few are qualified to achieve high sports performance. Therefore, when setting a goal of achieving high sports performance, it seems logical to include precocious strategies for selecting
future elite athletes. In fact, this is an economic requirement. Investing in highly efficient studies and programs that can identify and promote sports talents is achieved by the most prominent
countries of elite athletes. This is an important part of conducting sports science research. Conclusions: However, we conclude this review of the literature, the sports talent
identification models are inefficient. The intervention models fail to predict with the desired advance and efficiency required, who will be in the medium and long term, successful athletes. So there
is an evident contradiction: the theories of sports talent, although logically well structured, however, are not supported on major sporting talent detection programs. This study intends suggest
answers to the question, we must continue insisting on operating with definitions (theories) that although they can be formally coherent and consensual, do not have empirical validity?