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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Relationship Between Sport Performance and Mood States of High Performance of Para-athletics

Abstract Theme

Sport psychology

Type Presentation

Oral presentation

Abstract Authors

Presenter Carol Uehbe - Federal University of São Paulo (physical education) - BR
Ciro Wincker de Oliveira Filho - Federal University of São Paulo (physical education) - BR
Maria Regina Ferreira Brandão - University São Judas Tadeu (Psycology) - BR
Maria Cristina Nunes Miguel - Brazilian Paralympic Committee (Psycology) - BR

Presentation Details

Room: Marte        Date: 1 September        Time: 17:00:00        Presenter: Carol Uehbe

Abstract Resume

Background: The Paralympic sport in Brazil has greatly increased in recent years being evidenced by the space gained in the media and the international games performance. There are a
few studies about Psychology Sports in Paralympic high performance. Therefore, the study in this area has great value to athletes and can be considered a contributing factor to individualization of
training. Thus, the aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between the sport performance and mood states of high performance of para-athletics.

Methods: We evaluated 23 athletes, members of the Brazilian team of para-athletics. We separate in 13 man and 10 women, with ages between 15 and 45 years. The disabilities in both
groups was mental disability, visual impairment, cerebral paralysis and amputees. The visual impairment´s guide participated as well. For evaluation of mood states aspects was used the questionnaire
Brums Scale. For analysis of sport performance, was used two Jump tests: Alternate Tenfold Jump (TJ), it was a horizontal jump test, and Squat Jump (SJ), it was a vertical jump test without
countermovement. Brums Scale and Jumps Test were made twice on two consecutive months, on time for each month. The application of Brums Scale was conducted by psychologist of the Brazilian Paralympic
Committee´s track team. The SPSS software was used to do the statistical analysis of data, and the nonparametric Wilcoxon test was used to analyze the variation of samples from groups. The correlation
between samples was made using the nonparametric Spearman correlation test. The significance level utilized was 5%.

Results: For the first and second time were made the tests, respectively, the means (x ̅) for men at Brums was: Tension x ̅=5,23 and x ̅=4; Depression x ̅=1,69 and x ̅=0,92; Angry x
̅=2,77 and x ̅=1,61; Vigor x ̅=11,61 and x ̅=10,61; Fatigue x ̅=4,46 and  x ̅=3,92; Mental Confusion x ̅=2,85 and x ̅=1,69. For physical tests:  SJ x ̅=41,43 and x ̅=42,25; TJ x ̅=25,59 and x ̅=24,96.
For women, the results was: Tension x ̅=5,3 and x ̅=2,9; Depression x ̅=2,3 and x ̅=1,8; Angry x ̅=2,3 and x ̅=2,2; Vigor x ̅=10,2  and x ̅=9,90; Fatigue x ̅=2,6 and  x ̅=3,2; Mental Confusion x
̅=3,90 and x ̅=3,10; SJ x ̅=30,62 and x ̅=32,96; TJ x ̅=18,73+3,2 and x ̅=18,23+2,91. But, for both genres didn’t show significant variation (p > 0,05) for any test for the first to second time. When
we compared women’s physical tests with men’s physical tests, the results showed not significance for SJ (p=0,07), and significance for TJ (p=0,05). At the correlation (ρ) of the variables, for women,
the Angry marker, identified by the Brums Scale, correlated with TJ ρ=0,64 (p=0,047). For men, the Tension marker correlated with SJ ρ=-0,57 (p=0,04).

Conclusions: With this results, we can conclude it was a relationship between the SJ and Angry mark for women and Tension marker with TJ for men of brazilian team of para-athletics.
Therefore, a negative humoral aspect has influence at athlete performance. The importance of this kind of analysis emphasizes the need for inter-relation between training specifics and relevance of
sport psychology at the high performance context.

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