In Canada, multiculturalism is part of the Constitution (Article 27): "This Charter shall be interpreted in a manner consistent with the preservation and enhancement of the multicultural heritage of
Canadians." However, multiculturalism can be divisive and "new Canadians" are expected to integrate into society. Physical culture (sport, physical games, dance, exercise systems, martial arts, etc.)
may be used to encourage integration, but it can also be used to resist integration.
Toronto is one of the most multicultural cities in the world, with over half the population born outside Canada and 223 different self-identified ethnocultural groups. Relatively little research has
been done on the physical cultural practices of these populations. The goals of this research are to investigate how these ethnocultural communities negotiate their presence in Canada; to maintain an
archive of physical cultural forms by tracking how they are retained, produced, reproduced, transformed, and lost in Toronto communities; and to explore the overlap between physical culture and social
integration in the unique context of the Greater Toronto Area. The research is carried out by using Citizen Science, student input, and other methods of collecting data. Key informants are interviewed
to find out about the evolution of these physical cultural activities and the politics of social inclusion.
Preliminary data suggest that by the second generation of participation, most forms of physical culture have been integrated across various ethnocultural communities, with the notable exception of
traditionally "white" upper-class sports. Other forms of physical culture may disappear but it is rare to see greater exclusivity within the practising ethnocultural group.