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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Field Hockey in Brazil: from the Emergence to the Debut in 2016 Olympic Games

Abstract Theme

Sport history

Type Presentation

Poster

Abstract Authors

Presenter Cássia Lopes Teodoro - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (Physical Education) - BR
Eduardo Klein Carmona - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (Physical Education) - BR
Janice Zarpellon Mazo - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (Physical Education) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Gold - 1        Date: 2 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Cassia Teodoro

Abstract Resume

Background:
There are evidences of the practical of stick and ball games in different parts of the world, in distinct civilizations and periods, making it impossible to certify when and where the sport emerged.
Manuscripts of 1175 say that hockey was already practiced in England in this period. The first rules of the sport were made official in 1852 in the United Kingdom. The International Hockey Federation
(FIH) was founded in 1924. The first participation of hockey in the Olympic Games was in 1908 and since 1928 the sport has been present in all the Olympic Games. The field hockey has a long
trajectory, and has been widely practiced and known in several countries, besides being present at the Olympic Games for almost 90 years, in Brazil, the sport is still little practiced. Many
Brazilians do not know the modality and for the first time the country will have a team in the Olympic Games in 2016. Therefore, this study aims to describe the field hockey route in Brazil since its
emergence until the men's team classification for the 2016  Olympic Games.

Methods:
For which the research was carried out in books, articles and theses.  Furthermore the information was collected in printed sources researched in official hockey’s web sites. 

Results:
The records about field hockey in Brazil indicate that the sport began to be practiced in Brazil in the 19th century with the arrival of British immigrants to the country. The current Athletic Club
São Paulo founded by the British in 1888 is considered the club that introduced the hockey games in Brazil. Until the 1990s, the development of hockey in the country was slow, most of the teams were
formed by foreigners who lived in Rio de Janeiro or in Sao Paulo. In the early 90s, the sport returned to light thanks to the efforts of some enthusiasts. The first edition of the Brazilian
Championship Hockey for men was in 1998, in the same year Brazil participated in the first official international competition, the South American, held in Santiago, Chile. The Brazilian Association of
Hockey on Grass and Indoor (ABH) was officially registered in 2001 and affiliated with the Brazil Olympic Committee in 2002. By 2004, the ABH became the Brazilian Confederation Hockey on Grass and
Indoor (CBHG). The first two hockey fields of the country were built in 2007 to host the Pan American Games in Deodoro, Rio de Janeiro, when Brazil debuted in the competition. The Brazil won the first
medal in an international competition on South American Field Hockey in 2013. In the 2015 Pan American Games the men's team ranked fourth, winning a place at the 2016 Olympics. Nowadays, the hockey is
practiced in the states of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Santa Catarina, Parana and Rio Grande do Sul.

Conclusions:
Conclusions: The Brazilian’s team participation in the Olympic Games is important for the sport to have more visibility in the country and to raise public awareness for the modality,
allowing its growth and practice in other Brazilian’ states.


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