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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Gymnastics and People with Disability: A Brazilian Gymnastics Federations Review

Abstract Theme

Sport development

Type Presentation


Abstract Authors

Presenter Lígia Zagorac Bahu - University of Sao Paulo - School of Physical Education and Sport (Sport Department) - BR
Elisabeth de Mattos - University of Sao Paulo - School of Physical Education and Sport (Sport Department) - BR
Michele Viviene Carbinatto - University of Sao Paulo - School of Physical Education and Sport (Sport Department) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Red - 2        Date: 2 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Lígia Bahu

Abstract Resume

Background: Sports Federations are non-profits associations that promote, regulate and manage practice of one or more sports. Their aim is to extend the practice to different people
and to organize national events and the national participation in international events. In Brazil, the gymnastics organized as sports – artistic, rhythmic, acrobatic, trampoline, gymnastics for all
and aerobic – are duty of Brazilian Gymnastics Federation (CBG) and local (states) federations. The aim of this study was to verify on CBG and local federations official documents if there is any
concern in promote gymnastics practice to people with disability. In addition, verify if there is reference of the disabled people participation in international events.

Methods: Using a documental research methodology, we analyzed statutes, rules, news and social media from CBG and the 22 local federations, looking for information about gymnastics
practice by people with disability.

Results: We found only one allusion of gymnastics practice by people with disability, in gymnastics for all rules, which mention that the performance can be done by gymnasts from
different ages and abilities. In the other gymnastics sports there was no reference about this issue. It seems that there are no projects addressed to people with disability in the associations

Conclusions: Despite the existence of international federations – such as British Gymnastics and South Africa Gymnastics; movements – such as Special Olympics; and events – as World
Gymnaestrada that support people with disability participation, the Brazilian institutions that regulate gymnastics do not provide information or any support about this issue. Even in gymnastics for
all, that allow participation for people with different abilities, the mention of people with disability is insufficient and shy. It seems that there is no encouraging from CBG and local federations
for this kind of inclusion. Although the growth of gymnastics as a parasport in the last years, its practice continue to be very restrict in Brazil. Lastly, we recommend that information about the
importance and gymnastics benefits for disabled people should be released by CBG to the local federations in order to change this reality.

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