Men canoe team which has won two Olympic gold medals has been the advantage of Chinese Canoe Team. The Rio Olympics Games is about to begin, the study analyzed the winter training load features and
effect of Chinese Men Canoe Team in 2015, to reveal the training arrangement features, and summarized the experience for Chinese canoe project’s improving.
The methods of observation, tracking test, mathematical statistics were mainly used.
(1)The total training amount features of winter training
In the whole winter, the water training accounted for 60.81%, the land training accounted for 39.19%. The weekly average training volume of three stages showed that the total training amount of each
week presented a trend of increasing firstly and then decreasing. However, in each stage, the proportion of water training gradually increased, and the land training gradually decreased.
(2)Features of water training
The water-training was divided into 4 kinds of training purposes, such as the abilities of aerobic, mixed aerobic, acid- resisting and speed. The data displayed that the training of aerobic ability
accounted for 81.25%, the mixed aerobic ability accounted for 11.75%, the acid-resisting ability accounted for 4.12%, the speed ability accounted for 2.88%. The aerobic trainings were all above 75% in
each stage and presented a certain decline trend. The mixed aerobic in each stage ranked second, and appeared a certain upward. The acid- resisting ability was mainly arranged in the 2nd and 3rd
stages and increased gradually. The speed training although was the least in winter but arranged in every week.
(3)features of land training
In land training, the maximum strength training was the largest (57.65%), the endurance strength ranked second (22.79%), the oxygen ability ranked 3rd (12.94%), the coordination was minimum (6.62%).
It showed that the key tasks of land training in winter were maximum and endurance strength. The training process reflected that the maximum strength was mainly arranged in the 1st and 2nd stage, the
endurance strength is mainly improved in the 3rd stage.
(4)The test of training effect
The testing results showed that the 5km paddle increased 51.1s, the12km paddle increased 63.3s, the maximum strength increased 10.3kg (press) and 13.3kg (pull), the endurance strength increased 20.5
(press) and 14.6 (pull) time, which reflected that the winter training in 2015 was effective.
(1) It appears that in the winter training the total training amount of each week increases firstly and decreases after; the water training of each stage gradually increased, the land training
(2) It seems that in every stage in winter training, the aerobic training is the main task, the mixed aerobic training ranks 2nd; the acid- resisting ability is mainly arranged in the 2nd and 3rd
stages; the speed training is the least, but arranged in every week.
(3) The key tasks of land training are likely maximum and endurance strength. The maximum strength was mainly arranged in the 1st and 2nd stage, the endurance strength is mainly improved in the 3rd