The study analyzes the body weight and stature, the motor coordination, static equilibrium and dynamic equilibrium and dermatoglyphics characteristics of children of both sexes and aged 6 and 7 years,
which presented difficulties with those that did not present difficulties in the process of literacy in a private school of Feira de Santana, Bahia-Brazil
The anthropometry is used to identify the body weight and stature, the ENE test to measure motor coordination, dynamic and static balance and dermatoglyphic to identify the characteristics of the
dermatoglyphics. The sample was composed of 61 children divided into two groups, those who had no difficulties in the process of literacy (N/TEM = 37) and the group of presenting difficulties (S/TEM =
The result of the comparison of the groups (S/TEM) and (N/TEM), the test in the ENE, the motor coordination (p = 0.008), dynamic equilibrium (p = 0.005), children of the group (S/TEM) ENE test, had a
higher number of negative results (75%) mainly in motor coordination and dynamic equilibrium, so prevalent low motor coordination and difficulty in dynamic equilibrium. On dermatoglyphics, STQLE (p =
0.001), STQLD (p = 0.001), STQL (p = 0.005), D10 (p = 0.006), arc (p = 0.002), loop L (p = 0.613) and whorls W (p = 0.013). The group (S/TEM) found greater amount of arc (A), the smallest number of
loop (L) and whorls (W) found in smaller quantities that characterize the simplest designs that provide for low motor development.
Therefore the study identifies that the anthropometry does not interfere in the cognitive, the test in ENE allowed to affirm that the motor coordination is the major valencia physics, dermatoglyphics
has identified that children who exhibit difficulties behind genetic few references in motor skills, and more can be a new tool to anticipate and identify the motor difficulties, assisting in the
prescription of physical education classes to the needs of children and serving as aid in the process of literacy.