Background: Menopause may be defined as complete cessation of menses. The climacteric or perimenopause is the period before this event and is characterized by a series of hormonal
transitions that result in changes in the body and health of women. Just as women in the general population, women with disabilities are often affected by symptoms of perimenopause and menopause and
its implications in the state and health care. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze the health status, physical activity and body composition in women with visual impairment during climacteric,
Methods: A descriptive-correlational study with 19 Brazilian women with visual impairment in perimenopause or menopause was conducted. The assessment of body composition (% mass Fat,
Lean Mass%) was performed by analysis with quadrupole bioimpedance of Biodynamics, model 310, United States. The Women’s Health Questionnaire was applied, which evaluates the perception of women in
general in relation to their physical and mental health, and also the short version of the IPAQ questionnaire to assess the level of physical activity.
was found that 84.2% (N = 16) of women practiced a minimum of 150 minutes of weekly physical activity and were considered active, however the average fat percentage was 39.2%, characterizing the
sample as obese seconds WHO criteria. When correlated the results of physical activity time and the percentage of fat, there was no significant correlation, indicating that the physical activity time
does not interfere with fat percentage of participants. Regarding the self-perceived health, the results of the women's Health Questionnaire indicate that 21.1% (N = 4) of the participants perceived
their health as good and 78.9% (N = 15) as great.
Conclusions: There are many factors that influence the health of women with visual impairment in climacteric and post-menopause. The results found in this study may be indicative that
the excess fat does not influence women's health self-perception, and poor generation of body image related to visual impairment, may be a factor which implies that data. In regard to physical
activity, even with the most women characterized as being active, the results of body composition indicate a negative situation. So perhaps the time practice is still insufficient or intensity is not
adequate, indicating that needs to be given more attention to this aspect.