One concern of professional coaching staff and elite basketball researchers is the organization of a training program that enable athletes to develop better decision-making performance in tactical
aspects of the game. It is know that sports optimization is related to the control of a wide variety of influences and respecting their interaction is important to achieve great results. This variety
of interference must follow the specific actions that mark the competition, therefore, training closer to the game actions is essential to achieve this optimization. Thereby, the aims of this study
were to describe the intensity of official games of the Brazilian Basketball Championship; and propose a training organization that attends the needs of elite contemporary male basketball in
Ten elite basketball male players (27.6±5.54years; 91.61±11.51kg; 1.93±0.08m), from a specific team, were observed in six games of the National Basketball Championship, in the adult male category.
Before the beginning of the competition were performed anthropometric measurements and physical tests, and using videos of six matches, were characterized the tactic and technique, collective and
individual components. To check the physical demand athletes played with heart rate (HR) transmitter. The data were kept in computational bank and produced descriptive information.
The main results pointed to descriptive values of %HRpeak game: minimum value: 46.03, median: 89.95, maximum: 100.00, mean and standard deviation: 88.27±7.74; tactical actions: defense: 88.4±7.6,
offense: 88.1±7.8, transitions: defense: 88.4±8.8 and offense: 88.4±7.8; functions: point guard: 89.3±8.0, forward guard 88.0±8.4, forward: 86.9±7.5, center forward 88.8±6.9 and center: 88.3±8.2. From
these data it is suggested that the training means and methods should be oriented, for the most part, with the integration of all components of training - physical (PH), technical (TE) and tactical
(TA), and in each of the training session, the intensity of the exercises should be based on game’s %HRpeak. The PH work must be performed in court, associated with the TE component and/or TA, whereas
TE should be second TA aim. All exercises applied to athletes must have requirement and duration, as close to the game situation. The training means and methods must allow high variability of TA
situation, so the players have diversified possibility of action choice and can perform like game situation. It also suggests that the specific resistance should be worked through the game method and
quantitative (volume) and qualitative (intensity, complexity) aspects must be determinants to achieve the aims.
Because of the intensity that the sport is practiced in competitive period, the training organization process must be based in this reality. Preparation time should be optimized and for this, the
means and methods must be associated with the training components.