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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Fighting for Space: Women and Combat Sport.

Abstract Theme

Sport eligibility and inclusion

Type Presentation

Oral presentation

Abstract Authors

Presenter Rafael Gomes Sentone - Federal University of Parana (Physical Education Department) - BR
Thaynara do Prado Szeremeta - Federal University of Parana (Physical Education Department) - BR
Bruna Bárbara Proença Oliveira e Silva - Federal University of Parana (Physical Education Department) - BR
Fernando Renato Cavichiolli - Federal University of Parana (Physical Education Department) - BR

Presentation Details

Room: Marte        Date: 2 September        Time: 15:00:00        Presenter: Rafael Sentone

Abstract Resume

Background: This study aims to analyze the sports participation of women in the sport combat, from the understanding of amateur athletes, professional and athletic trainers women in
combat sports. Women social roles have been assigned throughout history - motherhood, femininity maintenance, graciousness and domestic functions - which the excluded eminently masculine activities
such as work and sports practices. Gymnastics and swimming, for example, could be practiced by them in order to strengthen them keeping the idea of regeneration of society. In Brazil, from the 80, the
legislation passed to allow the practice of sports to fight for women changing the social scene. According to Mesquita and Nascimento (2011) in the 1980s there were significant social, economic and
political changes that helped the changes on the social representations of women and contributed to the sport participation of them.

Methods: The research was qualitative and exploratory approach (Gil, 2010). Interviews were conducted semistructured with amateur athletes (A1, A2, A3), professional athletes (P1, P2,
P3) female and coaches (T1, T2) of combat sports such as boxing, MMA, jujitsu, muay-thai, wrestling and submission, all respondents in Brazil. The following categories for structuring interviews the
athletes were pre-established: habitus/cultural capital, prominent in society, financial reward and prejudice; for coaches prejudice the categories and financial reward.

Results: The results (a) stand out claim the athletes climb professionalism, but not have it inserted into the sport with this objective, (b) change the habitus through the new
cultural capital brought by female athletes in combat sports, allowing they can train and coaches to adapt to training, (c) opening of the media field and visibility among viewers with the immersion
of women in combat sports, (d) and the social standing through sport and financial reward, the athletes seek professional, fame, recognition, career advancement and financial through the struggles,
however amateur athletes receive symbolic awards that do not allow support them, requiring another job, (e) with respect to prejudice the surveyed athletes reported that people of "off the mat" utter
verbal attacks, unlike the training partners, finally (f) about prejudice the coaches said this is nonexistent, say in terms of combat, the athletes get some features like determination, discipline
and focus that also end up being used in achievements out of the struggles universe goals.

Conclusions: We conclude that women have gained ground in the combat sport and modified habitus through cultural capital. Still, that professionalization has been an option in the
sport, are even financially inadequate, as well as the prejudice is present.

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