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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Effects of Inspiratory Muscle Training in Exercise Performance of Elite Female Soccer Players

Abstract Theme

Elite performance

Type Presentation

Oral presentation

Abstract Authors

Presenter Daniela K. Andaku - Federal University of São Carlos (Physical Therapy) - BR
Bruno Archiza - Federal University of São Carlos (Physical Therapy) - BR
Flávia C. R. Caruso - Federal University of São Carlos (Physical Therapy) - BR
Paula A. Ricci - Federal University of São Carlos (Physical Therapy) - BR
José Carlos Bonjorno Junior - Federal University of São Carlos (Medicine) - BR
Cláudio Ricardo de Oliveira - Federal University of São Carlos (Medicine) - BR
Cleiton A. Libardi - Federal University of São Carlos (Physical Education) - BR
Stela Marcia Mattielo - Federal University of São Carlos (Physical Therapy) - BR
Shane A. Phillips - University of Illinois at Chicago (Physical Therapy) - US
Ross Arena - University of Illinois at Chicago (Physical Therapy) - US
Audrey Borghi-Silva - Federal University of São Carlos (Physical Therapy) - BR

Presentation Details

Room: Urano        Date: 3 September        Time: 12:10:00        Presenter: Daniela Andaku

Abstract Resume

Background: Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) has been used as an effective tool to improve sports performance, especially in male endurance athletes. Soccer is a mixed sport
modality, with periods of great aerobic and anaerobic demands in a match play. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of IMT in exercise performance of Brazilian elite female soccer
players.
Methods: Eighteen elite female soccer players (age: 21.2 ± 3.8 years; BMI: 21.1 ± 2.3 kg/m2, VO2max: 41.4 ± 3.8 mLO2·kg-1·min-1) were recruited and randomized, according to VO2max and
player position, in Sham (SG) and Training (TG) groups. Subjects underwent a general evaluation including pulmonary function, strength and endurance of inspiratory muscles, a constant velocity
exercise testing (CVT) and a repeated-shuttle-sprint ability testing (RSSA). The IMT protocol applied consisted of 30 inspiratory efforts, twice daily, 5 days per week during 6 weeks. TG and SG
trained at 50% and 15% of maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), respectively, with load adjustments every week. Subsequently, all athletes were reevaluated.
Results: After training program, TG presented greater percentage gain of MIP (p=0.02), improvement in endurance inspiratory muscle testing (p=0.01), increased time to exhaustion in
CVT (p=0.001), lower mean performance time (p=0.001) and lower percentage of performance decrease (p=0.008) in RSSA, whereas SG did not show significant differences.
Conclusions:The results of the current study indicate that IMT was an efficient technique to improve exercise performance and tolerance in female athletes of a mixed sport modality as
soccer.
Financial Support. CNPq: 159033/2014-4, 400442/2014-0, 487385/2013-6 and FAPESP: 2014/10145-9.

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