Introduction: Currently in Brazil, approximately 10% of the population is above 60 years. Santos city presents 19%1. Aging is a natural process, but it submits the body to various alterations with
repercussions on nutritional and health aspects in the elderly2-4.
Aims: To assess the nutritional status, eating habits and the quality of sleep of elderly practicing or not of regular physical activity.
Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study with quanti/qualitative approach. A total of 85 elderly (age 70 ± 8.21 years) both gender participated in the study and evaluated for
cognitive assesment (Mini-mental state examination – MMSE5), anthropometric measures (weight, stature, BMI, waist and calf circumferences – WC and CC), body composition (bioimpedance), nutritional
assessment (R24h, Food Frequence Questionary – FFQ6 and Mini-nutritional Assesment - MAN®7), sleep quality (Pittsburgh8 and Epworth8 questionaries).
Results: There were significantly difference in stature, BMI, MMSE and WC between actives and sedentary and was observed elevated body fat in both groups and genders. No differences
in malnutrition and/or low weight by variables MAN® and CC between groups. BMI was positively correlated with WC (r = 0.78 in actives and r = 0.65 in sedentary, p < 0.05). The consumption of
macronutrients was within recommended adequacy range according to the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) in both groups. Regarding of dietary quality there was high consumption of coffee and low of beans
and dairy products daily. The quality of sleep was bad in 57 and 77% of active and sedentary, respectively, with the presence of sleep disorders only in the sedentary group. No association was found
between BMI and sleep quality in the groups.
Conclusions: The practice of physical activity brought differences between body composition and sleep quality.
Keywords: Eldery, Nutritional Evaluation, Body Composition, Sleep Quality, Pittsburgh.