Background: Many countries seek international sporting success. For this reason, some studies have tried to explain the factors that determine success in sports (Santos et al., 2016).
Among these factors, the support, during and post-career is highlighted (De Bosscher et al., 2009; McArdle et al., 2014) in the sense that sports institutions offer support for the development of the
athlete in a balanced manner enabling better performances, extended sports careers and smoother transitions to the end of the athletic career (IOC, 2002). Thus, the purpose of this study was to
investigate the support post-career services available in the perception of aquatics athletes.
Methods: The participants were 47 athletes (26 men and 21 women) with average ages of 26 years linked to the Brazilian Confederation of Aquatic Sports and/or approved by the national
financial support program to the athlete. The model developed by De Bosscher et al. (2009) and translated by Böhme and Bastos (in press) was adopted and all international ethical research standards
were met. The answers ranged from: strongly agree, agree, neither agree/nor disagree, disagree, strongly disagree and I don’t know. The results were presented according to the frequency of responses.
Results: Regarding the use of some type of support services that could help the athlete at the end of his sports career, 17.0% did not use it, 21.3% did not know it, and 61.7% said
they used it. However, only 10.6% reported having used specific preparation programs for the end of the career; 10.6% used the sport psychologist for the same purpose; 10.6% mentioned the development
of a social network of friends; 6.4% claimed having developed a professional network of labor relations; 8.5% said they used career advice; 8.5% indicated the financial support and 6.4% referred to
financial advice. In addition, 72.3% of the athletes were not well informed about the services available for the post-career and professional future; 80.9% said the support post-career is not well
developed in Brazil; 59.6% were concerned about post-career future; 42.6% were negatively affected by concerns about the prospects out of the sport; 74.5% stated that post-career prospects are a
serious problem in Brazil and 83.0% expect to find a job which is in accordance with their education and interests in a short time.
Conclusions: The existing conditions do not seem to meet in an adequate manner the needs of athletes for the transition and support post-career. Thus, a wider involvement of sports
institutions at different levels of organization is necessary to assist athletes in the various changes and adjustments, so that it becomes possible to accomplish a positive adaptation decreasing the
difficulties found in building a new career.