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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

TIME INFLUENCE OF HYPERTENSION BLOOD SYSTEMIC AND TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS IN FUNCTIONALITY AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN ELDERLY SEDENTARY.

Abstract Theme

Physical activity and health

Type Presentation

Poster

Abstract Authors

Presenter VANIA FERNANDA CLEMENTE AGNER - Federal University of Sao Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Science Health) - BR
ANDRÉ ANDRIOLLI TAFFAREL - Federal University of Sao Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Science Health) - BR
CAMILA BALDINI MOURÃO - Federal University of Sao Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Science Health) - BR
ISABEL DA SILVA - Municipality of Santos (Physiotherapy Service) - BR
SARA PEREIRA - Federal University of Sao Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Science Health) - BR
MARCIA CARVALHO GARCIA - Federal University of Sao Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Science Health) - BR
MARIA STELLA PECCIN - Federal University of Sao Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Science Health) - BR
IMPÉRIO LOMBARDI JÚNIOR - Federal University of Sao Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Science Health) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Yellow - 2        Date: 3 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Vania Agner

Abstract Resume

Background:
Hypertension Blood Systemic (HBS) and Diabetes Mellitus type II (DM II) has a high prevalence in the elderly, who may have their Quality of Life (QoL) altered by these diseases. Furthermore, it is
known that the aging process also causes loss of Muscle Strength (MS) and consequently lower mobility and difficulty in walking in the elderly. Therefore this study aimed to verify if time of
diagnosis of hypertension diseases and diabetes mellitus II are associated with QoL, FM and Function Walk (FW) in sedentary elderly.

Methods:
Cross-sectional analytical study in which 40 elderly,  using to evaluate MS of 1 Repetition Maximum test in fitness equipment, for muscle groups of the lower limbs: knee extension, direct flexion and
left knees, groin and adductor of hip and leg press; and upper limbs: rowing sitting, reverse flying, sitting bench press, biceps curl, triceps pulley and pulled front. FW assessment by the 6-minute
walk test and QoL using the SF-36 questionnaire. A descriptive and inferential analysis of the variables: time of DM II and HBS, correlated through the linear coefficient of Pearson with QoL, MS and
FW.

Results:
These elderly men who have muscular strength greater than women in all muscle groups studied. Women reported having more pain than men. After association analyzes between time of HBS and DM II with
QoL, according to gender, it was found that male group had worse satisfaction of QoL in the physical aspects and mental health domains associated with the increase in HBS time. The male group also
showed worse satisfaction in the domains functional capacity, physical aspects, pain and general health associated with longer duration of DM II. But the female group presented worse satisfaction
domain pain associated with longer HBS.  For the group of men, the less muscle strength in the flexor movements of the right knee adduction and abduction hips, pulled front, horizontal leg press and
biceps curls, are associated with poor satisfaction in functional capacity. It was also observed that dissatisfaction with the physical aspects, for men, was associated with lower muscle strength of
knee extension and reverse flying. Worst reports on health status, for men, were associated with lower values of muscle strength adduction and abduction hips, pulled front and leg. For women,
limitations due to pain-associate with less force in the reverse flying. The smallest displacement in the FW, the group of men, was associated with lower muscular strength in the leg press and
abduction of hips.

Conclusions:
For the elderly group of this research, in addition to the decline in MS  and FW also have loss in QoL, associating the longer the chronic HBS and DM II. And that for older men, the worst quality of
satisfaction was related to the decline in physical aspects and reduced functional capacity associated with longer times HBS diagnostics and DM II. Older women reported loss of QoL, pain associated
with increased time HBS disease.

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