Science becomes important in the structure of Brazilian sport after the implementation of postgraduate courses in the 1970s.However, there was an abandonment of public policies that made use of
Universities and research institutes resources to carry out research activities aimed at high performance sport.It is essential to allocate resources and infrastructures to laboratories and to join
teaching and research institutions with the confederations and federations in order to understand the demand and disseminate knowledge.Therefore, the aim of this study was to understand the
dissemination mechanisms of science (scientific research) at the federal, state and municipal levels and analyze how athletes and coaches evaluate the applicability of science in their practice.
This exploratory research was performed by documental analysis, through analyzing the official media and publications of sport governing bodies at the federal, state and municipal levels; and by field
research, through questionnaire and descriptive statistical analysis to questions concerning access to scientific research and its applicability in training, to 449 athletes and 83 coaches
representatives of different competitive levels and Olympic sports.
At the federal level, it was possible to identify the publication of a journal held by the COB, the “Revista Laboratório Olímpico”, initiative aimed to spread science and knowledge produced by other
institutions. Among the states and municipalities analyzed, it was found that none had a formalized communication and dissemination channel to serve scientific content.No scientific research database,
regularly updated, was found that can be queried by technicians and Confederations at the federal and state levels.Only the city of São Paulo showed initiative in this area, by making available to the
general public, on the official website of the Municipal Government Body, some scientific publications, but this content has no regularity in its update. Among coaches, 90% state that they have not
received material on scientific knowledge at least once a year and 95% evaluate as insufficient the dissemination of scientific information. As for the applicability of scientific research for
athletes, most evaluateit as reasonable (22%), low (18.8%) and very low (23.2%), while 18.8% said they do not know.Among the coaches, the applicability is also evaluated by majority as reasonable
(29%), low (31.6%) and very low (18.4%).
Thus, it is safe to say that the dissemination of scientific research possesses a communication failure between the organs of the science and the actual practice of Brazilian Olympic sports training
programs, despite the efforts to disseminate scientific information through the initiative of the “Revista Laboratório Olímpico” of COB. It shows a gap between science and practice, contributing to
the fact that professionals working in the development and training of athletes, not meet their needs regarding scientific support to the practice of high performance sport.