Metabolic Syndrome (MS) has a high prevalence in the elderly population. The concurrent training (CT) consists of resistance exercise and aerobics, in the same exercise session. The scientific
literature has shown that the TC promotes the elderly both cardiovascular gains and when the neuromuscular adaptations. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a CT program about muscle
strength, walking function, metabolic and anthropometric profile, cardiovascular risk, consumption of medicines and quality of life in older adults with MS.
A controlled clinical study, randomized and blind, performed in the city of Santos - SP. There were 41 elderly participants, of both genders, divided into control group (n = 18) and intervention group
(n = 23), and subsequently submitted to the assessments: Test 1 repetition maximum (1RM) for 12 muscle groups; 6-minute walk test (6MWT); analysis of blood concentrations cholesterol and glucose; use
of medicines; SF-36 questionnaire. The intervention group was conducted 2 x per week, totaling 24 CT sessions with 50 minutes of strength exercises on weight machines, six muscle groups of the upper
limbs and six of the lower limbs, with 40-70% of 1 RM and 40 minutes of walking exercises (70 -85% of Maximum Cardiac Frequency). The control group received guidance on aging, but did not perform
There were significant differences, in the intergroup analysis, for increased muscle strength in appliances: knee extensor, rigth knee flexor, left knee flexion, adduction hip, hip abduction and leg
press, bench press, row, pull triceps and front pulley. There were larger displacement of the 6MWT in the elderly in the intervention group (p = 0.001). The elderly group submitted to exercise
protocol reduced their consumption of antiglycemic of the biguanide class (p = 0.002). There were no changes in the metabolic and anthropometric profile, cardiovascular risk and perception of quality
of life for seniors.
This clinical trial may subsidize information about prescribing (dose-response) of CT in elderly patients with MS, to increase muscle strength and walking, while reducing the consumption of