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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Effects of Concurrent Training in Muscle Strength of Elderly with Metabolic Syndrome: Controlled Clinical Trial.

Abstract Theme

Physical activity and health

Type Presentation

Poster

Abstract Authors

Presenter Vania Fernanda Clemente Agner - Federal University of São Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Health Sciences) - BR
André Andriolli Taffarel - Federal University of São Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Health Sciences) - BR
Camila Baldini Mourão - Federal University of São Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Health Sciences) - BR
Isabel da Silva - City Hall of Saints (Physiotherapy Service) - BR
Sara Pereira - Federal University of São Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Health Sciences) - BR
Marcia Carvalho Garcia - Federal University of São Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Health Sciences) - BR
Maria Stella Peccin - Federal University of São Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Health Sciences) - BR
Império Lombardi Júnior - Federal University of São Paulo (Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Health Sciences) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Yellow - 15        Date: 1 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Vania Agner

Abstract Resume

Background:
Metabolic Syndrome (MS) has a high prevalence in the elderly population. The concurrent training (CT) consists of resistance exercise and aerobics, in the same exercise session. The scientific
literature has shown that the TC promotes the elderly both cardiovascular gains and when the neuromuscular adaptations. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a CT program about muscle
strength, walking function, metabolic and anthropometric profile, cardiovascular risk, consumption of medicines and quality of life in older adults with MS.

Methods:
A controlled clinical study, randomized and blind, performed in the city of Santos - SP. There were 41 elderly participants, of both genders, divided into control group (n = 18) and intervention group
(n = 23), and subsequently submitted to the assessments: Test 1 repetition maximum (1RM) for 12 muscle groups; 6-minute walk test (6MWT); analysis of blood concentrations cholesterol and glucose; use
of medicines; SF-36 questionnaire. The intervention group was conducted 2 x per week, totaling 24 CT sessions with 50 minutes of strength exercises on weight machines, six muscle groups of the upper
limbs and six of the lower limbs, with 40-70% of 1 RM and 40 minutes of walking exercises (70 -85% of Maximum Cardiac Frequency). The control group received guidance on aging, but did not perform
physical exercise.

Results:
There were significant differences, in the intergroup analysis, for increased muscle strength in appliances: knee extensor, rigth knee flexor, left knee flexion, adduction hip, hip abduction and leg
press, bench press, row, pull triceps and front pulley. There were larger displacement of the 6MWT in the elderly in the intervention group (p = 0.001). The elderly group submitted to exercise
protocol reduced their consumption of antiglycemic of the biguanide class (p = 0.002). There were no changes in the metabolic and anthropometric profile, cardiovascular risk and perception of quality
of life for seniors.

Conclusions:
This clinical trial may subsidize information about prescribing (dose-response) of CT in elderly patients with MS, to increase muscle strength and walking, while reducing the consumption of
hypoglycemic-biguanide drugs.

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