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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Injury data collection and psychological features from triathletes.

Abstract Theme

Sport medicine and injury prevention

Type Presentation


Abstract Authors

Presenter Henderson Palma - Federal University of São Paulo (Departamento de. Ciências do Movimento Humano) - BR
Ricardo da Costa Padovani - Federal University of São Paulo (Saúde, educacao e sociedade) - BR
Maria Stella Peccin - Federal University of São Paulo (Departamento de. Ciências do Movimento Humano) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Black - 11        Date: 3 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Henderson Palma

Abstract Resume

Background: Triathlon involves three different types of endurance - 
swimming, cycling and running - within a single event. Due to the nature 
and physical, physiological and psychological demands involved in this 
sport, triathletes are susceptible to many factors that may cause 
injury. This study aimed to identify the profile and the modality that 
produces more injuries in triathletes. Additionally, it sought to raise 
the impact of psychological variables associated with triathlon.

Methods: The sample consisted of 172 triathletes between professionals 
and amateurs who disputed at the national and international levels. For 
data collection the sport practice research triathletes questionnaire 
was used.The project was approved by the Ethics Committee from Federal 
University of São Paulo (971/11). 

Results: The presence of lesions in the last three years was reported by 
85.5% of the sample.Regarding the type of injury, 41.5% reported 
over-training, and 26.2% injuries with traumatic nature and 32.3% other 
causes.The speed training phase (34.8%), base (30.3%) and strength 
(22.7%) were the most frequent at the time of injury. The main cognitive 
strategies pointed to improve performance were setting goals in training 
(91.3%), mental training (94.3%).The most stressful aspects identified were: training (48.6%), over-charging (25.7%), relationship with sponsor (15.7%), family 
pressure (12.9%) and relationship with the team (7 ,1%).When the 
expected performance were not reached the most common emotional 
reactions were: frustration (34.3%), anger (18.6%), sadness (21.4) and 
anxiety (8.6%).

Conclusions: Most of the injuries were suffered in the running, related 
to over-training. In terms of psychological characteristics in the study 
sample, the motivation is a key factor in the process of overcoming 
fatigue and getting good results.

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