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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Description of a Physical Functional Assessment Protocol for Asymptomatic Individuals

Abstract Theme

Sport and quality of life for adolescence and aging

Type Presentation

Poster

Abstract Authors

Presenter Guilherme dos Reis Dias - Serviço Social do Comércio (Desenvolvimento Físico e Esportivo) - BR
Danilo Pereira Alves - Serviço Social do Comércio (Desenvolvimento Físico e Esportivo) - BR
Presenter Jefferson John da Silva Santos - Serviço Social do Comércio (Desenvolvimento Físico e Esportivo) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Brown - 6        Date: 1 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Jefferson John Santos

Abstract Resume

Social Service of Commerce (SESC) is a private social institution, which develops programs and projects that encourage the practice of sports aiming the quality of life and the development of physical
and cognitive abilities. It is know that the analysis of complex body movement patterns  enable the identification of weaknesses and help professionals to prescribe exercises for specific aims,
maintain or restoring the functionality. Because of this, the goal of this study was to suggest an evaluation protocol for the functional capabilities through physical exercises, based on assessments
of SESC’s regulars.
Participated in this study 161 volunteers (46 men; 115 women). All of the subjects were members of the SESC, have a history of physical activity and are asymptomatic. They were divided into three
groups according to their age: Group of young adults aged between 20 and 39 years (G.young) with a mean age (MA) of 31.59±4.73 years, average body mass index (BMI) of 25.20±4.54 and an average
waist-hip ratio (WHR) 0.87±0.05; Group of adults aged between 40 and 59 years (G.adults) with a MA of 49.40±5.94 years, BMI of 26.71±3.63 and average WHR of 0.92±0.07; and Group of older people aged
over 60 years (G.old) with a MA of 68.80±4.62 years, BMI of 27.46±4.13 and average WHR of 0.95±0.04. The task used was based in the performance of movements that emphasize each of the physical
abilities. In order to evaluate the movement patterns, seven tests have been used: 1) Coordination: lunges with trunk rotation; 2) Flexibility: Elevation alternating segments, bringing knee elbow in
opposition; 3) Agility/Power: Sideshift with implement launch the ground and recovery in the air; 4) Balance: Stiff (one leg) with inverted crucifix; 5) Core stability: Side plank with trunk rotation
and adduction of the upper limbs; 6) Resistance: Swing with implement and 7) Strength: isometric squat with front elevation. Data collection occurred by completing ten aspects observable for each
exercise, which contained understanding, alignment, posture and joint movements.
The dependent variable analyzed was the efficiency ratio for the exercise calculated in percentage (performing magnitude): zero (0%) when the individual did not meet any of the recommendations
outlined in the exercise; and from one to one hundred (1-100%) when the requested task was accomplished. A one-way ANOVA  with repeated measures was conducted with data from each group to analyze the
performance.
There was no significant difference between the groups. Coordination: [F(5; 161)=3,957, p=0,1441]; Flexibility: [F(5; 161)=0,079, p=0,9256]; Agility/Power: [F(5; 161)=1,202, p=0,4136]; Balance: [F(5;
161)=5,252, p=0,1047]; Core: [F(5;161)=1,251, p=0,4026]; Resistance: [F(5; 161)=1,088, p=0,4411] and Strenght: [F(5; 161)=0,305, p=0,7573].
The results confirmed the primary hypothesis, in which the protocol was expected to be able to measure the physical capabilities efficiently. Besides, the secondary hypothesis, which assumed that the
adjustments made in the exercises by age did not affect the performance of the groups, was confirmed as well.

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