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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Perceived barriers and facilitators to physical activity and sport in adults with spinal cord injury: a case study in João Pessoa-PB

Abstract Theme

Physical activity and health

Type Presentation


Abstract Authors

Presenter Elaine Cappellazzo Souto - UFPB (Physical Education) - BR
Hélio José Alves do Amaral Filho - UFPB (Physical Education) - BR
Leonardo dos Santos Oliveira - UFPB (Physical Education) - BR
Presenter Marcia Greguol - UEL (Sport) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Yellow - 1        Date: 4 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Elaine Souto

Abstract Resume

Background: The spinal cord injury (SCI) can lead to motor, sensory, autonomic, psychological and affective disorders, making it difficult to maintain an active lifestyle and
contributing to the presence of secondary conditions and comorbidities. The physical activity and sport programs have been widely considered for this population in the rehabilitation and after
discharge for health promotion. However, people with disabilities are the least likely to have an active lifestyle. Thus, it is important to understand what contributes and discourage this behavior in
people with SCI to stimulate their participation in physical activity programs and sports. Objective: To analyze the perceived barriers and facilitators to physical activity and sport
in adults with SCI. Methods: It is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach, carried out with seven people with SCI from university extension programs aimed at rehabilitation
of people with disabilities, three paraplegic and  four tetraplegic, five males and two females, mean age 36 years (±11). It was used a semi-structured interview created by the author with questions
regarding to sociodemographic data, disability profile, recommendations, degree of dependence, practice before and after the injury and the perceived barriers and facilitators to practice physical
activity and sport. Data analysis was based on content analysis as proposed by Bardin, therefore created three categories for the analysis of perceived barriers and facilitators, which were
Environmental, Social and Personal aspects. Results: The main barriers to practice of physical activity and sport were divided into Environmental: transport and accessibility; Social:
unprepared teachers; and Personal: lack of autonomy. Related to facilitators, the personal aspect was the only one present in the speeches: better quality of life, gain independence, health and
self-esteem. Conclusions: It found more barriers than facilitators. It is necessary to make these facilitators motives are predominant on the barriers imposed, with support and help
from family and society.

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