Share this Abstract

Rate this Abstract

Login to allow rating

Views

Login to allow views

Options


Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Aerobic plus resistence exercise training promotes improvement in body composition of obese adults.

Abstract Theme

Physical activity and health

Type Presentation

Oral presentation

Abstract Authors

Presenter João Pedro Novo Fidalgo - Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP (Post Graduate Program of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo – UNIFESP - Santos, Brazil.) - BR
Paula Bresciani - Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP (Post Graduate Program of Foods, Nutrition and Health, Federal University of São Paulo – UNIFESP – Santos (SP), Brazil) - BR
Maythe Amaral Nascimento - Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP (Post Graduate Program of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo – UNIFESP - Santos, Brazil) - BR
Leticia Andrade Cerrone - Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP (Post Graduate Program of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo – UNIFESP - Santos, Brazil) - BR
Renata Astride Rebelo - Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP (Post Graduate Program of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo – UNIFESP - Santos, Brazil) - BR
Ricardo Badan Sanches - Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP (Post Graduate Program of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo – UNIFESP - Santos, Brazil) - BR
Stephan Garcia Andrade Silva - Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP (Post Graduate Program of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo – UNIFESP - Santos, Brazil) - BR
Liu Chiao Yi - Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP (Department of Human Moviment Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo – UNIFESP - Santos, Brazil) - BR
Danielle Arisa Caranti - Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP (Department of Biosciences, Federal University of São Paulo – UNIFESP - Santos, Brazil) - BR

Presentation Details

Room: Terra        Date: 4 September        Time: 10:00:00        Presenter: João Pedro Novo Fidalgo

Abstract Resume

Background: Obesity is one of the major public health problem, being characterized by the excessive accumulation of adipose tissue. Its major cause is positive energy balance, i. e.,
the imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. Its common sense that physical exercises improve energy expenditure. However, when the aerobic exercise is performed in isolation, it may lead to
lean mass reduction, which is also one of the determining factors for caloric expenditure. This study addresses the effectivity of a short term aerobic plus resistence exercise training (ART) in body
composition of obese adults as a therapy model against obsity.

Methods: A total of 24 obese volunteers were enrolled in the proposed therapy. They were aged 39.81 ±6.1 years old and had a mean Body Mass Index (BMI) of 34,75 ±2,6 Kg/m². The
therapy consisted of a 16 weeks of aerobic plus resistence exercise training three times a week. The evaluations were performed on two occasions: before and after the exercise training. There were
assessed body weight (kg) and height (m) to calculate the body mass Index (BMI) (kg/m²). It was also assessed the waist perimeter (WP) using a flexible inelastic tape. The body composition was
mensured by tetrapolar bioelectrical impedance. Paired simple t-tests were used for statistic analysis, and the considered level of significance was 5%.

Results: The ART promoted significant reduction in body mass (%Δ -3,6 ±3,1); BMI (%Δ -3,7 ±3,1); WP (%Δ -6,6 ±4,8); Body fat (kg) (%Δ -8,1 ±8,3); and %Body Fat (%Δ -4,8 ±6,4) of the
population. ART promoted a significant increase in %Fat Free Mass (%Δ 3,1 ±4,3) of the volunteers.

Conclusions: The ART showed great results in body composition of obese adults. Its promoted both weight loss and an improvement in %Fat Free Mass, which is known to be important to
control the obesity
pathophysiology.

1. Conflict of Interest: None Disclosed.

2. Funding: Research relating to this abstract was funded by FAPESP ( 2015/00953-3) and CNPq.

3. Clinical Trail: NCT02573688



Comment this abstract (0 comments)