Although according to the Olympic Charter, The International Olympic Committee shall not draw up any global ranking per country, the Olympic medal table has always been used by media, scholars and
politicians to compare success in elite sport.
Despite its popularity, the Olympic medal ranking has some limitations that prevent it from being a precise measurement for countries performances in international sport.
First, the superiority of a gold medal over any number of silver or bronze will create situations where a country having only one exceptional athlete capable of winning a gold medal placed in front of
another one endowed with several athletes who were placed 2nd and 3rd.
Also, the awarding of one medal per event will allow a low-revenue and low participation sport like sailing, played in 115 countries, to offer 10 gold medals and a sport like basketball, despite being
played in 215 countries, having high financial revenues thus attracting a much larger pool of talented athletes, to offer just two gold medals.
In addition, only 84 National Olympic Committees won medals in the 2012 Summer and 2014 Winter Olympics combined. Therefore, there are 120 that were not ranked in the last Olympic cycle, which
represents almost 60% of all those who participated.
The objective of this work is to present a new international sport ranking methodology that will determine, on an annual basis, which are the countries that are the most efficient in the establishing
of elite sport policies.
The goal is also to provide a measurement tool of countries performances for the different national sport authorities, media and scholars in the field of sport science.
For the 2014 ranking, the International Society of Sports Sciences in the Arab World collected the results obtained in 2014 by 203 National Olympic Committees in the 35 sports that are part of the
Summer and Winter Olympic programs.This ranking of countries is based on a system that attributes points for the results obtained in each sport which are, then, multiplied by coefficients that vary
according to universality and popularity awarded to each of these sports. The final score for each country is subsequently obtained by adding the points in each of the 35 sports.
For the year 2015, results of 205 National Olympic Committees (Kosovo and South Sudan were added) in 52 sports, 35 Olympic and 17 non-Olympic sports were gathered. The non-Olympic sports were chosen
on the sole condition that their popularity and universality will be higher than at least one of the Olympic sport.
The International Society of Sports Sciences in the Arab World Elite Sport ranking awarded a position for all the countries that have National Olympic Committees.
By opposition to the Olympic medal table, the International Society of Sports Sciences in the Arab World Elite Sport ranking allowed all the countries of the international sport movement to be
present. It also rewarded those among them that have consistent results, present a larger number of athletes succeeding in several disciplines and in sports where there is a higher level of