To completely know the quo status of participation of PA for Beijing citizen and their demand for the PA service and to set up the five-year plan for Beijing, the government department-Beijing
Municipal Bureau of Sports entrusted our university to launch the project in 2014. The project of survey started in July, 2014 and fulfilled in December, 2015. By the methodology of questionnaire and
mathematical statistics, 3316 samples aged from 16 to 70 had been randomly distributed and 3304 copies had been retrieved. The results are as followed:
1.The total population aged 16 to 70 is approximately 10.384 million in Beijing, of which sports population accounts for 37.25% with the male is 17.88% and female 19.36%. Since female older adults are
active in the regular PA before 8:00 and after 5:00, the results show that the proportion of female participation is higher than that of male and the people aged 40 to 69 are most active.
2.The most popular PA in leisure time is brisk walking (24.29%), jogging (12.84%), exercise in Fitness Path (equipment installed in local residence financed by government)(11.79%), which are low-cost
3.The places for PA are outdoors of residential district (31.2%), park(29.9%), indoors of residential district(27.8%), on the street (17%), square(16.3%), and other areas (18.2%), which means the
surrounding places of residential district are preferred.
4.The top three motivations to participate PA are to enhance the strength and health(31.82%), leisure and entertainment(20.21%), to prevent disease(15.11%) in sequence. The difference for male and
female is that male people prefer to take part in skillful activities.
5.As to the organization of PA, participation by individuals, with friends or with families accounts for 41.36%, 32.14%, and 20.39% respectively. Male people intend to participate individually and
independently while female people participate PA in communities, taking family members.
6. The proportion of participating PA after 18:00 o’clock is 57.28% and before 9:00 o’clock accounts for 32.87%. The average duration of participation in PA is 6.13 years with men are 0.8 longer than
7. The top three influential factors are from colleagues and friends(36.91%), families(24.82%), and media(14.47%) in sequence. Unfortunately PE only ranks the fourth.
There are 37.25% of Beijing citizens aged 16 to 70 frequently participating PA. The most popular events are brisk walking, jogging, and exercise in Fitness Path. Most people aged 61 t0 70 prefer to
brisk walking and exercise in Fitness Path with low intensity. Female people prefer brisk walking, Fitness Path, Dancing, Rope Skipping with lowly intensive, rhythmic and collective characteristics.
And most of citizens prefer to participate individually, with friends or with families. The surrounding residential places or parks are preferred. The top three reasons to hinder them from
participation PA are busy work, no interest and laziness. The demand for PA service now is the increase of places in communities, development of local organizations, the finance support, and
Popularization of scientific fitness method.